地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 451-464.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.04.001

• 专栏:地理新青年 •    下一篇

青年科学基金助推地理学研究创新与综合

范闻捷1(), 高锡章2, 冷疏影3,*()   

  1. 1. 北京大学遥感与地理信息系统研究所,北京100871
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 国家自然科学基金委员会地球科学部,北京 100085
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-26 修回日期:2018-04-12 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-04-20
  • 通讯作者: 冷疏影 E-mail:fanwj@pku.edu.cn;lengsy@nsfc.gov.cn;fanwj@pku.edu.cn。
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:范闻捷(1972-),女,山西祁县人,副教授,主要从事定量遥感和生态遥感研究工作,E-mail: fanwj@pku.edu.cn

Innovation and integration of geographic research promoted by the Young Scientist Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China

Wenjie FAN1(), Xizhang GAO2, Shuying LENG3,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Remote Sensing and GIS, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085, China
  • Received:2018-02-26 Revised:2018-04-12 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-20
  • Contact: Shuying LENG E-mail:fanwj@pku.edu.cn;lengsy@nsfc.gov.cn;fanwj@pku.edu.cn。

摘要:

本文以国家自然科学基金委员会地理学科1987-2016年青年科学基金资助项目为研究对象,采用文献计量分析方法,从地理学科的4个分支学科:自然地理、人文地理、地理信息、环境地理出发,通过分析关键词词频在不同时段的变化特点、与同时期面上项目申请书关键词词频进行对比等方法,追寻不同分支学科青年科学基金的研究特点,分析各分支学科的青年科学基金选题的演变规律。以此为依据,筛选了7个有代表性的关键词,分析这些关键词所代表前沿研究方向,和青年科学基金选题变化情况,并根据后续资助情况分析学科发展过程中青年人才梯队的成长过程,追寻青年科学基金在地理学科发展和人才培养中的作用。研究表明,自1987年以来,青年科学基金选题一直处于地球表层自然环境和人文经济的格局与过程研究的最前沿,技术创新是青年科学基金最主要的源动力,研究不断向定量化发展;青年科学基金的研究选题也逐渐拓展,走向综合;同时持续推动地理学科研队伍的成长。对于地理科学的技术和理论创新的助推作用显著。

关键词: 国家自然科学基金, 青年科学基金项目, 地理学科, 关键词频率, 文献计量

Abstract:

This study focused on the Young Scientist Fund in geography supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) from 1987 to 2016. Using bibliometrics analysis method, keywords frequency was analyzed and compared with the NSFC general projects in the same period by the four sub-disciplines of geography—physical geography, human geography, geographic information science, and environmental geography. Change of research characteristics and selected topics were also tracked. Seven representative keywords were chosen to study the change of topics in these cutting-edge research areas. The growth of young scholars was analyzed through their follow-up funding from the NSFC. This study shows that from 1987, the Young Scientist Fund project topics have been at the frontier of the study on the patterns and processes of the land surface environment and human economic system. Technological innovation was the main driving force of the Young Scientist Fund projects in geography. The research continued to be quantitative and innovative and the topics were gradually expanded to be integrative. The Young Scientist Fund has significantly promoted technological and theoretical innovations of geography in China.

Key words: National Natural Science Foundation of China, Young Scientist Fund, geography, key words, bibliometrics analysis method