地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 418-426.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.03.012

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国纺织企业海外直接投资空间格局

范毓婷1,2,3(), 刘卫东1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-17 修回日期:2018-03-01 出版日期:2018-03-28 发布日期:2018-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 刘卫东 E-mail:fanyt.13b@igsnrr.ac.cn;liuwd@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:范毓婷(1986-),女,江苏淮安人,博士研究生,主要从事经济地理及区域发展研究,E-mail: fanyt.13b@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42530751)

Spatial pattern of foreign direct investment of China's textile enterprises

Yuting FAN1,2,3(), Weidong LIU1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-03-17 Revised:2018-03-01 Online:2018-03-28 Published:2018-03-28
  • Contact: Weidong LIU E-mail:fanyt.13b@igsnrr.ac.cn;liuwd@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.42530751

摘要:

经过几十年的发展,中国纺织工业已经成为对就业和出口创汇具有重要影响的行业之一。近10年来,受全球贸易环境震荡和自身生产成本上升的影响,中国国内生产的纺织产品在国际市场的竞争力逐步下降,大量企业开始向海外投资,进行产业转移。如何优化海外投资布局、创造新的发展优势,事关中国纺织工业可持续发展能力的提升。本文基于政府部门的统计数据以及企业访谈数据,在回顾中国纺织企业对外直接投资趋势的基础上,分析了其海外直接投资的空间分布格局和产业活动类型选择,而后剖析了该行业海外投资面临的困难和挑战,并提出了差异化对外投资策略。

关键词: 纺织企业, 对外直接投资, 区位选择, 空间差异化战略, 中国

Abstract:

China's textile industry has gained encouraging achievements and become a primary industry integrating investment, production, consumption, employment opportunity provision, and foreign exchange earning. However, in recent years, influenced by its own developmental dilemma and instabilities in the global economic environment, weaknesses in its development have gradually surfaced. Enhancing its competitiveness and sustainable development capability by optimizing the layout of foreign investment and creating new development advantages will play an important role in the development of China's textile industry. On the basis of reviewing existing studies on foreign direct investment of domestic textile enterprises, supplemented by statistical information, field research, and interviews of senior managers, this article presents an analytical framework of spatial strategies of foreign investment of China's textile enterprises. This article also analyzes the spatial distribution and choice of industry of foreign direct investment of China's textile enterprises. At last, this article analyzes the difficulties and challenges of foreign direct investment and put forward spatially differentiated strategies for foreign investment of China's textile enterprises.

Key words: textile enterprises, foreign direct investment, locational choice, spatially differentiated strategies, China