地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 309-316.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.03.001

• 名家观点 •    下一篇

人文—经济地理学的学科融合和创新

金凤君1,2(), 靳海涛1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-04 修回日期:2018-02-25 出版日期:2018-03-28 发布日期:2018-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 靳海涛 E-mail:jinfj@igsnrr.ac.cn;jinht.16b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 金凤君(1961-),男,内蒙古赤峰人,博导,教授,主要从事区域经济学与经济地理学研究,E-mail: jinfj@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院先导A项目(XDA19040403);国家自然科学基金项目(41771134)

Integration and innovation paths of human geography

Fengjun JIN1,2(), Haitao JIN1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-02-04 Revised:2018-02-25 Online:2018-03-28 Published:2018-03-28
  • Contact: Haitao JIN E-mail:jinfj@igsnrr.ac.cn;jinht.16b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.XDA19040403;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41771134

摘要:

学科融合与交叉是当今科学研究的趋势之一。本论文阐述了人文—经济地理学学科研究的综合性、交叉性和复杂性;概况了学科经济化、社会化和生态化发展历程和特点,总结了经济社会快速革新背景下学科的技术化新特征;分析了经济社会变革与技术进步背景下学科发展的可持续问题聚焦趋势和技术导向发展趋势,介绍了在这两种趋势下学科与经济区位研究、社会公平研究、生态要素研究、信息技术研究相关学科的深入融合方式;预测了人文—经济地理学学科将可能出现关注个体的理论创新、基于空间数据分析的技术创新、融合新产业的应用模式创新以及重视生态要素的理念创新;尝试提出了新区位理论、空间定制、地理业态等创新思路及促进学科创新的实现途径。并以此文纪念中国杰出的地理学家吴传钧先生的百年诞辰。

关键词: 人文—经济地理学;, 学科创新, 新区位理论, 空间定制, 地理业态

Abstract:

This article addresses the complexity of human geography, which is comprehensive and frequently interactive with other scientific disciplines. Economic, social, and ecological issues are core subjects in the development of human geography discipline, with technological drivers as one of its new features. Sustainability concerned and technology-oriented are two new characters of human geography in a fast-changing world, and the discipline is being reshaped by advanced technologies. Under the background of rapid economic and social changes and technological development, human geography will interact more with issues of industrial location, social equity, ecological factors, as well as information technologies. Future developments may include: theoretical innovations that give individuals more central place than before; technological innovations based on spatial data analyses; new application models that integrate emerging industries; and conceptual innovations that that place great emphases on ecological and environmental factors. Proposals on how to realize these changes are also presented, with new approaches to neo-location theory, spatial and space customization, and geographical format introduced.

Key words: human geography, innovation of human geography, neo-location theory, spatial and space regulation and customization, geographical format