地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 139-151.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.01.015

所属专题: 人地系统

• 自然地理综合研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

人地系统耦合框架下的生态系统服务

赵文武1,2,*(), 刘月1,2, 冯强1,2, 王亚萍1,2, 杨思琪1,2   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部 地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875
    2. 北京师范大学地理科学学部 陆地表层系统科学与可持续发展研究院,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-11 修回日期:2018-01-19 出版日期:2018-01-28 发布日期:2018-01-28
  • 通讯作者: 赵文武 E-mail:zhaoww@bnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵文武(1976-),男,山东曹县人,教授,主要从事自然地理与景观生态研究,E-mail: zhaoww@bnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(L1624026);中国科学院学部学科发展战略研究项目(2016-DX-C-02)

Ecosystem services for coupled human and environment systems

Wenwu ZHAO1,2,*(), Yue LIU1,2, Qiang FENG1,2, Yaping WANG1,2, Siqi YANG1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. Institute of Land Surface System and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2018-01-11 Revised:2018-01-19 Online:2018-01-28 Published:2018-01-28
  • Contact: Wenwu ZHAO E-mail:zhaoww@bnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.L1624026;Research Project on the Development Strategy of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.2016-DX-C-02

摘要:

生态系统服务是连接自然环境与人类福祉的桥梁,是人地系统耦合研究的核心内容。本文在构建生态系统服务与人地系统耦合研究框架的基础上,系统梳理了生态系统服务评估、生态系统服务权衡、生态系统服务影响因素、生态系统服务供给流动与需求等研究前沿,提出了未来生态系统服务研究的重点领域。主要研究结论认为:①国际生态系统服务模型发展迅速,SAORES模型是中国生态系统服务模型优化与参数本地化的突出代表;②生态系统服务权衡具有相对复杂的时空尺度,权衡分析的前提是辨析不同尺度生态系统结构—过程—功能—服务的作用机制;③自然因素是生态系统服务时空分布的基础,土地利用能改变生态系统结构、功能与生态系统服务变化,社会经济因素会导致生态系统服务权衡的差异;④为明晰生态系统服务供给与需求耦合关系,需进一步识别生态系统服务流的运移路径;⑤未来生态系统服务研究需加强生态系统服务对全球变化的响应特征和机制分析、面向可持续发展目标的生态系统服务供给流动与需求研究、生态系统服务的动态评价集成与优化、生态系统服务与人地系统耦合、生态系统服务与大数据集成等。

关键词: 生态系统服务, 评估, 权衡, 驱动机制, 供给与需求, 人地系统耦合

Abstract:

Ecosystem services bridge the natural environment and human well-being, and are the key content of coupled human-environment system research. This article puts forward a framework of research on ecosystem services for coupled human-environment systems, and systematically reviews the research hotspots of ecosystem services evaluation, ecosystem services trade-offs, ecosystem services driving factors, ecosystem supply-flow-demand, and identifies the key areas for future ecosystem services research. This article argues that: (1) international research on ecosystem services models have experienced a rapid development, and SAORES model is the outstanding representative of ecosystem service evaluation model in China; (2) ecosystem service trade-off analyses are relatively complex, and its mechanism depends on distinguish the relationships among ecosystem structure-process-function-service at multiple spatial and temporal scales; (3) natural factors are the basis of ecosystem services distribution, land use change can modify ecosystem structure, function, and services, and social and economic factors can lead to differences in ecosystem services trade-off and demand; (4) in order to clarify the coupling relationship between ecosystem service supply and demand, it is urgently needed to further identify the pathes of ecosystem service flowes; (5) future research of ecosystem services should include strengthening the analyses on the response of ecosystem services to global change, ecosystem services supply and demand flow focusing on the sustainable development aspect, integration and optimization of the dynamic evaluation of ecosystem services, the coupling of ecosystem services and human-environment systems, and the integration of ecosystem services and big data.

Key words: ecosystem services, assessment, trade-offs, driving mechanism, supply and demand, coupled human and environment system