地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 109-120.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.01.012

• 自然地理综合研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理系统模型研究进展

彭书时1,*(), 朴世龙1, 于家烁1, 刘永稳1, 汪涛2, 朱高峰3, 董金玮4, 缪驰远5   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 中国科学院青藏高原研究所,北京 100101
    3. 兰州大学资源环境学院,兰州 730000
    4. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    5. 北京师范大学地理科学学部 地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-21 修回日期:2018-01-13 出版日期:2018-01-28 发布日期:2018-01-28
  • 通讯作者: 彭书时 E-mail:speng@pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:彭书时(1986-),男,湖北武穴人,研究员,研究方向为全球变化与陆地生态系统,E-mail: speng@pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(L1624026);中国科学院学部学科发展战略研究项目(2016-DX-C-02);国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC0500203)

A review of geographical system models

Shushi PENG1,*(), Shilong PIAO1, Jiashuo YU1, Yongwen LIU1, Tao WANG2, Gaofeng ZHU3, Jinwei DONG4, Chiyuan MIAO5   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Earth Environmental Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
    4. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    5. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2017-12-21 Revised:2018-01-13 Online:2018-01-28 Published:2018-01-28
  • Contact: Shushi PENG E-mail:speng@pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.L1624026;Research Project on the Development Strategy of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.2016-DX-C-02;National Key Research and Development Program of China, No.2016YFC0500203

摘要:

地理系统是多圈层交互的复杂巨系统。地理系统模型是理解和预测不同尺度地理系统格局和过程变化最重要的研究方法。地理系统模型作为可持续发展科学决策必需的工具,是自然地理学重要的研究方向。过去几十年来,在全球变化等全球性重大环境问题和人类科学决策需求的推动下,地理系统模型虽然发展迅速,但还不足以准确地模拟和预测复杂人地耦合系统。本文分别从模型原理、框架和尺度等方面回顾与梳理了地理系统模型从单要素到多要素、从统计到过程、从静态到动态、从单点到区域和全球尺度模拟等发展历程,并总结了地理系统模型对发展人类—自然耦合系统以及模型—数据融合系统的趋势。发展中国的地理系统模型将有助于中国和全球可持续发展的科学决策。

关键词: 地理系统模型, 过程模型, 人地耦合系统, 可持续发展, 模型—, 数据融合

Abstract:

The geographical system is a complex system including multiple spheres and their interactions. A geographical system model is a coupled human and environmental system model for understanding and predicting changes in patterns and processes of the system. Geographical system models are important tools for supporting sustainable development policy making, and thus is a key scientific research area. During the past decades, geographical system models have been developed to examine global environmental problems such as global change and sustainable development. However, the existing geographical system models have limited ability to simulate and project changes in the complex coupled human-environmental system. This study reviewed the history of development of geographical system models, which is characterized by transitions from single process to multiple process, statistics-based to process-based, static to dynamic, and site level to regional and global scale simulations. We also summarized two important development trends of geographical system models: toward coupled human and natural processes and their interactions, and model-data synthesis. To support policy making for sustainable development in China and globally, developing geographical system models is urgent for the Chinese physical geography research community.

Key words: geographical system model, process-based model, coupled human and environment system, sustainable development, model-data synthesis