地理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 57-65.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2018.01.007

• 自然地理学分支学科 • 上一篇    下一篇

土壤地理学的进展与展望

张甘霖1,2,*(), 朱阿兴3,4, 史舟5, 王秋兵6, 刘宝元7, 张兴昌8, 史志华9, 杨金玲1, 刘峰1, 宋效东1, 吴华勇1, 曾荣1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京土壤研究所 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室,南京 210008
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    4. 美国威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校地理系,美国 麦迪逊WI 53706
    5. 浙江大学 环境与资源学院农业遥感与信息技术应用研究所,杭州 310058
    6. 沈阳农业大学土地与环境学院,沈阳 110161
    7. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院,北京 100875
    8. 西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所,陕西 杨陵 712100
    9. 华中农业大学资源与环境学院,武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-15 修回日期:2018-01-20 出版日期:2018-01-28 发布日期:2018-01-28
  • 通讯作者: 张甘霖 E-mail:glzhang@issas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:田富强(1975-),男,河南人,副教授,从事流域水文过程及模拟、水资源管理等研究,E-mail:tianfq@tsinghua.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(L1624026,41571130051);中国科学院学部学科发展战略研究项目(2016-DX-C-02);科技基础性工作专项项目(2014FY110200)

Progress and future prospect of soil geography

Ganlin ZHANG1,2,*(), A-Xing ZHU3,4, Zhou SHI5, Qiubing WANG6, Baoyuan LIU7, Xingchang ZHANG8, Zhihua SHI9, Jinling YANG1, Feng LIU1, Xiaodong SONG1, Huayong WU1, Rong ZENG1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. School of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    4. Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    5. College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
    6. College of Land and Environment, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110161, China
    7. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    8. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest Sci-tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China
    9. College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2018-01-15 Revised:2018-01-20 Online:2018-01-28 Published:2018-01-28
  • Contact: Ganlin ZHANG E-mail:glzhang@issas.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.L1624026, No.41571130051;Research Project on the Development Strategy of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.2016-DX-C-02;Basic Project of State Commission of Science Technology of China, No.2014FY110200

摘要:

作为土壤学和地理学学科的分支,土壤地理学是地球表层系统科学的重要组成部分,其核心研究内容是土壤的时空变化。土壤地理学研究对象从传统的土体向地球表层系统视角下的关键带转变,研究方法上全面走向数字化。本文综述了近20年来土壤地理学分支学科包括土壤发生、土壤形态、土壤分类、土壤调查与数字土壤制图等领域的研究进展,指出其发展趋势为:基础理论研究不断拓展、调查技术正经历变革、时空演变从过程观测走向模拟,同时探讨了土壤地理学的未来发展契机与面临的挑战。

关键词: 土壤发生, 土壤分类, 土壤形态, 土壤调查, 土壤制图, 土壤地理, 进展与展望

Abstract:

Soil geography is the sub-discipline of soil science and geography dealing with the spatiotemporal changes of soil, and is a part of the earth surface system science. The research topic of soil geography is gradually changing from soil body to critical zone from the perspective of the earth surface system, meanwhile the research methodology develops toward "digital". Based on an introduction of the theoretical and technical backgrounds, this article reviewed the recent progress of soil geography including on soil genesis, soil morphology, soil classification, soil survey, and digital soil mapping. Future development of soil geography needs to expand the theoretical research, innovate the investigation technology, and simulate the spatiotemporal variations of soil. Furthermore, the main opportunities, trends, and challenges in the future were discussed.

Key words: soil genesis, soil classification, soil morphometric, soil survey, soil mapping, soil geography, progress and prospect