地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 1475-1488.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.12.003

• 专辑|地缘政治 • 上一篇    下一篇

1992年以来国内外地缘政治比较研究——基于地理学视角的分析

秦奇1,2(), 成升魁1,*(), 李飞1, 吴良1, 张丹1, 陈晓鹏1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京100049
  • 出版日期:2017-12-20 发布日期:2017-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 成升魁 E-mail:qinqicumt@163.com;chengsk@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:秦奇(1986-),男,辽宁沈阳人,博士生,研究方向为地缘环境、世界地理与资源安全,E-mail:qinqicumt@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院重点部署项目(ZDRW-ZS-2016-6)

A comparative study on foreign and Chinese geopolitical studies since 1992:An analysis from the viewpoint of geography

Qi QIN1,2(), Shengkui CHENG1,*(), Fei LI1, Liang WU1, Dan ZHANG1, Xiaopeng CHEN1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2017-12-20 Published:2017-12-20
  • Contact: Shengkui CHENG E-mail:qinqicumt@163.com;chengsk@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,No.ZDRW-ZS-2016-6)

摘要:

目前地理学界对国内外地缘政治的研究领域与发展趋势的比较研究鲜有涉及。本文系统回顾了后冷战时期以来地理学视角下国内外地缘政治研究进展,比较辨析两者差异,并对中国地缘政治研究提出展望。研究认为:国内外地理学界对地缘政治的内涵、研究目标、内容和手段的基本认知存在显著差异。从价值取向和研究领域上看,当代国外地缘政治研究的主要思潮是批判性地缘政治,研究对象多元化,研究领域宽泛化趋势明显;而中国地缘政治研究强调为国家战略服务,侧重传统地缘政治领域。从研究方法和视角上看,国外学者偏重定性分析和田野调查,对于研究区域具体情态认知深刻;中国学者在空间定量研究方面工作扎实,倾向于对宏观格局、分异规律的探讨。研究提出,中国地理学者应回答地理要素与地缘政治间的相互关系、地理环境对现代地缘政治的作用机理等重要问题;加强学科的交叉研究,从而使成果更加可靠、更易落地,培养全球视野、拓展研究领域和区域,最终形成一套能真正为中国和平崛起、中华民族伟大复兴助力的具有中国特色的地缘政治理论与思想。

关键词: 地缘政治, 研究进展, 比较分析, 展望

Abstract:

Comparative studies on development tracks of Chinese and international geopolitical studies are seldom found in contemporary academia. This article reviews the development of Chinese and international geopolitical studies and compares their differences, and examines the prospect of Chinese geopolitical studies. This research found that there are significant differences between Chinese and international geopolitical studies on their essence, goals, contents, and basic understanding. With regard to their ideology and study area, mainstream contemporary international geopolitical studies are critical geopolitical research, and the diversification and generalization of its research subjects are increasingly obvious. Chinese geopolitical studies are practice-focused and mainly serve the national strategies. With regard to research method, international studies emphasize qualitative analysis and field research, and have deep understanding on specific areas. Chinese scholars focus on spatial and quantitative analyses, and pay special attention to macro-level spatial configuration and differentiation. This article concludes that Chinese scholars should investigate the essential relationship between geographic elements and geopolitics, strengthen cross-field research and make the results more reliable and practical, build a global worldview, widen the research fields, and ultimately found geopolitical thoughts with Chinese characteristics to assist the rejuvenation of China.

Key words: geopolitics, progress, comparative analysis, prospect