地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 1450-1462.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.12.001

• 专辑|政治地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国古代政治地理思想探究

刘云刚1(), 王丰龙2,3()   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275
    2. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
    3. 华东师范大学城市发展研究院,上海 200062
  • 出版日期:2017-12-20 发布日期:2017-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘云刚(1973-),男,内蒙呼和浩特市人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为城市地理学及政治地理学,E-mail:liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271165,41571130,41601144)

An overview of political geographical thoughts in ancient China

Yungang LIU1(), Fenglong WANG2,3()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3. Institute of Urban Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Online:2017-12-20 Published:2017-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271165, No.41571130, No.41601144

摘要:

中国古代具有丰富的政治地理思想和实践,对当前中国政治地理学的建设具有重要意义。本文对中国从先秦至晚清的相关文献中涉及政治地理的内容进行梳理,归纳为地利(定都、设镇)、地政(治地、安民)、地缘(安边、攘夷)三大主题,对各主题的要点进行了整理,进而探讨了这些思想与西方政治地理学相关概念的关联,并期望未来中国政治地理学对于本国的传统思想给予更多关注。

关键词: 政治地理思想, 定都, 中央—, 地方关系, 华夷之辨, 地缘关系, 中国

Abstract:

There are rich political geographical arguments and practices in ancient China, which are of great significance to the development of contemporary Chinese political geography. However, neither political geographers nor historians had summarized the historical political geographical thoughts and their implications for the development of modern political geography in China. To help narrow this gap, the current article briefly reviews a large body of historical works and records from the pre-Qin period to the late Qing dynasty from the perspective of modern political geography. The contents are classified into three topics: territorial advantages (mainly including siting of capital and establishment of towns with important military functions), geographical administration (mainly including maintaining the central control over local places, and governing the land and the people), and geopolitical relations (mainly including securing the borderland and defeat the surrounding barbarous nations). The article summarizes the key points of each topic and discusses the similarity and difference between Chinese historical political geographical thoughts and related concepts and theories in Western political geography. We hope that future political geographical research will pay more attention to the traditional wisdom and thoughts in ancient China, as well as to supplement and refine the framework and findings proposed in this article.

Key words: political geographical thoughts, siting of capital, central-local relation, the hua-yi division, geopolitical relation, China