地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (11): 1391-1401.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.11.008

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

观光型旅游地游客动机、交往意愿和体验质量之关系——以世界自然遗产地三清山为例

陈星1(), 张捷2,3,*(), 张宏磊2,3   

  1. 1. 上海市城市规划设计研究院,上海 200040
    2. 南京大学国土资源与旅游学系,南京 210093
    3. 南京大学旅游研究所,南京 210093
  • 出版日期:2017-12-07 发布日期:2017-12-07
  • 通讯作者: 张捷 E-mail:chen.x555@163.com;jiezhang@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈星(1991-),女,海南乐东人,硕士,助理工程师,主要研究方向为旅游地理、主客关系等,E-mail: chen.x555@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    联合国教科文组织合作项目(4500193250);国家旅游局重点项目(13TABK007)

Relationship between tourists' motivation, contact intention, and experience quality in sightseeing destination: The case of Mount Sanqingshan National Park

Xing CHEN1(), Jie ZHANG2,3,*(), Honglei ZHANG2,3   

  1. 1. Shanghai Urban Planning and Design Research Institute, Shanghai 200040, China
    2. Departmant of Land Resource and Tourism Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    3. Institute of Tourism, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Online:2017-12-07 Published:2017-12-07
  • Contact: Jie ZHANG E-mail:chen.x555@163.com;jiezhang@nju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Cooperation Project, No.4500193250;The Key Projects of China National Tourism Administration, No.13TABK007

摘要:

随着旅游业的发展,旅游情境下的主客交往方式愈发多元和复杂。现阶段旅游地主客交往的研究较多关注当地居民,而从游客视角深入研究旅游动机、主客交往意愿和旅游体验的相互影响机制较少。本文选取世界自然遗产地三清山为案例地,以实地问卷调查数据为基础,从主客交往意愿角度切入,构建了观光型旅游地游客视角的MCE(动机—交往意愿—体验质量)模型,并运用多群组的结构方程模型进行恒等性检验。结果表明:①三清山游客的旅游动机可以划分为体验生活、刺激/冒险、放松/逃避和社交/求知4种类型,主客交往意愿则划分为适度交往和密切交往2种维度;②体验生活、放松/逃避和社交/求知动机对适度交往意愿存在显著影响,刺激/冒险、放松/逃避动机和社交/求知动机对密切交往意愿存在显著影响;③密切交往意愿比适度交往意愿更能影响游客的旅游体验质量;④分别对三清山男女样本进行多群组分析,因素恒等性检验显示模型具有跨样本的稳定性。

关键词: 主客交往, 旅游动机, 旅游体验, 结构方程模型, 因素恒等性检验, 三清山

Abstract:

With the development of tourism, host-guest relationship at tourism destinations is increasingly diverse and complex. Existing studies on host-guest relationship have paid much attention on local residents. But few studies have explored the mutual influencing mechanism among tourist motivation, contact intention, and tourists' experience quality, especially from the perspective of tourists. This study employed an on-site survey in Mount Sanqingshan National Park to build the tourist perspective motivation-contact intention-experience quality (MCE) model. We also applied the invariance measurement with the multi-group structural equation model. The result shows that tourist motivations at the sightseeing destination can be classified into four categories: experiencing life motivation, excitement/adventure motivation, relaxation/escape motivation, and socializing/knowledge motivation. Tourists' contact intention can be divided into two dimensions: moderate contact intention and close contact intention. The modeling result indicates that tourist motivations of experiencing life, relaxation/escape and socializing/knowledge have direct effect on moderate contact intention, and tourist motivations of excitement/adventure, relaxation/escape, and socializing/knowledge have direct effect on close contact intention. Close contact intention has a greater influence on tourists' experience quality than moderate contact intention. We also divided the samples into gender groups for invariance measurement with the multi-group structural equation model. We found that the model built in this study showed stability across samples.

Key words: host-guest relationship, tourist motivation, tourists' experience, structural equation model, invariance measurement, Mount Sanqingshan National Park