地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1250-1259.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.10.007

• 专题研究:健康与人居环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国流动人口的城市宜居性感知及其对定居意愿的影响

湛东升1,2,3(), 张文忠1,2,*(), 党云晓4, 戚伟1,2, 刘倩倩1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    4. 浙江财经大学土地与城乡发展研究院,杭州 310018
  • 出版日期:2017-10-28 发布日期:2017-10-28
  • 通讯作者: 张文忠 E-mail:zhands@126.com;zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:湛东升(1987-),男,安徽寿县人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为宜居城市和城市空间结构,E-mail: zhands@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230632)

Urban livability perception of migrants in China and its effects on settlement intention

Dongsheng ZHAN1,2,3(), Wenzhong ZHANG1,2,*(), Yunxiao DANG4, Wei QI1,2, Qianqian LIU1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Region Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. Land and Urban-rural Development Institute, Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
  • Online:2017-10-28 Published:2017-10-28
  • Contact: Wenzhong ZHANG E-mail:zhands@126.com;zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41230632

摘要:

流动人口是中国城镇化进程的重要参与者,加强其定居意愿特征分析对制定中国新型城镇化发展政策具有重要参考价值。基于中国40个主要城市的宜居城市问卷调查数据,运用描述统计和地理探测器方法,揭示中国流动人口的城市宜居性感知特征及其对定居意愿的影响。研究结果表明:①中国流动人口的城市宜居性感知评价分异明显,呈现出“公共服务设施便利性>自然环境舒适性>社会人文环境舒适性>环境健康性>交通便捷性>城市安全性”的递减特征;②中国流动人口的公共服务设施便利性、社会人文环境舒适性、环境健康性和城市安全性等4个维度城市宜居性感知对其定居意愿具有显著影响,且影响强度依次递减,但二者关系并不完全呈简单的线性特征。③相对他人收入满意度、生活满意度、住房价格感知和地理区位等参照变量,以及年龄、性别和职业等个体与家庭属性也是影响中国流动人口定居意愿的重要因素。

关键词: 城市宜居性, 流动人口, 定居意愿, 地理探测器, 中国

Abstract:

Migrants play an important role in the process of China's urbanization. Therefore, understanding the determinants of their settlement intention is of great importance for making national new urbanization policies. Drawing on the livable cities survey conducted in 40 major cities in China, descriptive statistics and geographical detector methods were employed to examine the characteristics of migrants' urban livability perception and its effects on their settlement intention, respectively. The results show that: (1) Migrants' urban livability perception differs greatly between livability indicators—the ranking of importance is convenience of access to public facilities > comfort of natural environment > comfort of social environment > environmental health > convenience of transportation > security in the city. (2) Four dimensions of migrants' urban livability perception, including convenience of access to public facilities, comfort of social environment, environmental health, and security in the city, have significant effects on settlement intention with decreasing weights, but the correlations are not always linear. (3) Selected control variables, including migrants' relative income satisfaction, life satisfaction, perceived housing price, and geographic locations, and individual and family attributes such as age, gender, and occupation, also exert significant effects on settlement intention.

Key words: urban livability, migrants, settlement intention, geographical detector, China