地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1092-1098.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.09.005

• 专辑:城市文化感知与计算 • 上一篇    下一篇

感知技术在文化遗产研究中的应用与展望

王娟(), 孟斌*(), 张景秋, 李琛, 邹柏贤   

  1. 北京联合大学应用文理学院,北京 100191
  • 出版日期:2017-09-27 发布日期:2017-09-27
  • 通讯作者: 孟斌 E-mail:wangjuan@buu.edu.cn;mengbin@buu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王娟(1986-),女,河南周口人,讲师,主要从事3S技术与应用、城市地理等研究,E-mail: wangjuan@buu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    北京市社会科学基金研究基地项目(16JDGLC014);国家自然科学基金项目(41671165, 41371158)

Applications and prospect of sensing technologies in cultural heritage research

Juan WANG(), Bin MENG*(), Jingqiu ZHANG, Chen LI, Baixian ZOU   

  1. College of Applied Arts and Sciences, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
  • Online:2017-09-27 Published:2017-09-27
  • Contact: Bin MENG E-mail:wangjuan@buu.edu.cn;mengbin@buu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Beijing Social Science Foundation, No.16JDGLC014;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671165, No.41371158

摘要:

感知技术的发展为文化遗产的探测、保护、利用和传承带来了机遇和挑战。鉴于当前文化遗产研究中应用的感知技术的复杂性及多样性,本文对感知技术及其在文化遗产研究中的应用进行系统梳理。首先,对感知技术的概念进行总结,重点介绍在文化遗产研究中发挥重要作用的多源遥感平台、社交媒体、移动通讯、智能交通等多源传感器的特点,以及关键信息处理技术,包括数据挖掘和知识发现、可视化技术以及虚拟现实技术;其次,梳理了感知技术在物质文化遗产、非物质文化遗产以及群体对于文化遗产的体验和评价等方面的应用进展;最后,探讨了文化遗产研究中感知技术在数据精度、多源数据融合、信息处理等方面存在的问题,指出其数据共享化、平台网络化和应用社会化的发展趋势。

关键词: 感知技术, 文化遗产, 大数据, 传感器, 信息处理

Abstract:

The development of sensing technologies has brought opportunities and challenges for the discovery, protection, inheritance, and innovation of cultural heritage. In view of the complexity and diversity of the sensing technologies used in the current cultural heritage research, this article systematically reviews such technologies and their applications in this field. First, the article introduces and analyzes the concept of sensing technology. Second, we present the typical types of sensors and the key information processing techniques used in cultural heritage research. Third, the applications of sensing technologies in tangible cultural heritage, and human cognition of cultural heritage were summarized, including the recognition, management, and protection of cultural landscape, the innovation and management of intangible cultural heritage, the perception of cultural cognition, and the transportation behavior. Last, the article discusses the potential problems of data accuracy and data fusion. It also identifies the transformative trend of sensing technologies and applications in cultural heritage research to data sharing, networked platform, and popularized application.

Key words: sensing technologies, cultural heritage, big data, sensors, information processing