地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1051-1057.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.09.001

• 专辑:城市文化感知与计算 • 上一篇    下一篇

人文主义地理学对城市空间文本的解读——以《北京文脉》插图为例

周尚意1(), 许伟麟1, 李建平2   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
    2. 北京市哲学和社会科学规划办公室,北京 100101
  • 出版日期:2017-09-27 发布日期:2017-09-27
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 周尚意(1960-),女,广西罗城人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事社会文化地理学研究,E-mail: twizsy@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771148);中国西南地缘环境与边疆发展协同创新中心项目

A humanistic geographical analysis of city space: A study of three maps in Beijing's Context

Shangyi ZHOU1(), Weilin XU1, Jianping LI2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. Beijing Planning Office of Philosophy and Social Science, Beijing 100101, China
  • Online:2017-09-27 Published:2017-09-27
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41771148;Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development

摘要:

人文主义地理学是地理学的一种认识论,其特点是我向性、诉诸情感和感悟性。以往的人文主义地理学分析案例多关注地方感的主体性,而对认识与被认识的循环过程中的人文主义特点关注不够。本文以《北京文脉》一书的三幅插图为例,对比插图者自述和读者(本文作者)的读后感,分析北京城市空间认识过程中的人性提升。主要结论有二,一是在三幅插图的作者和读者的空间认识过程中,感悟性更重要;二是插图作者和读者均经历了“文本—基于文本的感悟—超越文本的提升”的认识循环,这个过程是人性提升的必然途径。因此,在每次修改城市规划时,人们一定要回答人性有何提升。

关键词: 人文主义地理学, 北京城市, 空间感知-认知

Abstract:

Humanistic geography is an epistemology of geography. It is characterized by its focus on self-ward thinking, affection, and consciousness. Existing studies of humanistic geography mainly discussed subjectivity of place. This study attempts to explore the humanistic features in the spiral of consciousness increment between subjects and objects. It is also a response to the opinion of Martin Heidegger-language and human are not binary oppositions. This article takes three maps in the book of Beijing's Context as examples. It compares the map illustration of the author and readers and analyzes the humanity improvement in the perceptions of Beijing's city space. The conclusions are as follows. First, the spatial cognitive process of the map drawer and readers were being conscious of the space meaning than perceiving them. Second, both the map drawer and the map readers have undergone a cognitive cycle, which is from text to text-based perception, then to thinking beyond text. This process is considered an indispensable way to improve humanity. Practically, the implication of this study is that planners should be clear about what show the progress of humanity in an updated urban planning.

Key words: humanistic geography, city of Beijing, spatial perception/cognition