地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 785-794.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.07.001

• 研究论文 •    下一篇

社区网络的使用及其对社区参与的影响——以南京市为例

常恩予1(), 甄峰1,2,**(), 孙晨1   

  1. 1. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210093
    2. 南京大学人文地理研究中心,南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-01 修回日期:2017-02-01 出版日期:2017-07-31 发布日期:2017-07-31
  • 通讯作者: 甄峰 E-mail:choloncey@126.com;zhenfeng@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:常恩予(1991-),女,山东济宁人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为智慧社区、社区参与,E-mail: choloncey@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571146)

Use of community networks and its impact on community participation: A case study of Nanjing City

Enyu CHANG1(), Feng ZHEN1,2,*(), Chen SUN1   

  1. 1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Human Geography Research Center of Nanjing University, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2016-08-01 Revised:2017-02-01 Online:2017-07-31 Published:2017-07-31
  • Contact: Feng ZHEN E-mail:choloncey@126.com;zhenfeng@nju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41571146]

摘要:

20世纪70年代,美国在社区信息化建设中开展始了社区内部信息平台“社区网络(community network)”的大量实践和研究。近年来随着信息通讯技术的快速发展,中国城市社区基于实体社区的虚拟网络平台也大量兴起,为改善城市社区参与不足的现状提供了契机。目前国内学者对社区网络的关注不足,相关定量研究更少。本文结合中国社区网络实践,以南京市为例,综合考虑区位、交通等因素,选取主城区35个社区进行问卷调研,根据调研结果对城市社区居民社区网络的使用情况及社区参与的线上线下特征进行分析,并从“媒介类型”和“用途类型”2个维度就社区网络对社区参与的影响进行回归分析。研究表明:南京市城市居民社区网络使用总体呈现“高普及、低强度、新社区”的特征,社区网络的普及度较高,然而平均使用强度并不高;在社区网络类型的使用方面呈现“以移动互联为主”的特征,居民使用度最高的是社区QQ群/微信群,其次为社区公众号/APP,使用度最低的为社区网站/社区论坛;在社区“O2O”方面,城市居民社区网络的使用对线下社区参与也有显著促进作用,且社区网络的使用有助于社区参与深度的提升,促进非事务型社区参与向事务型社区参与的演进。未来智慧社区建设应弥补对社区网络及社区参与关注的不足,积极引导居民通过线上重新回到线下,通过社区活动的参与融入社区公共生活,从而激发社区活力。

关键词: 城市社区, 社区参与, 社区网络, 智慧社区, 社区“O2O”, 南京

Abstract:

In the 1970s, the United States launched a large number of practices and research focusing on "community network" in community informatics area. In recent years, with the rapid penetrating of information and communication technology in the daily life of community residents, virtual network platforms based on the community entity also appear in large numbers in urban communities of China, which brings an opportunity to improve community participation of urban residents. However, research by Chinese scholars rarely concerned with community networks, especially that quantitative research in this area has been few. Under this background and taking into consideration the practice of community networks in China, this study analyzed the characteristics of community network use and community participation of residents in Nanjing City based on a sample survey. Furthermore, the study used multiple-linear regression method to investigate the factors influencing community participation. The survey was conducted in 35 communities of Nanjing City by a research group at Nanjing University. The results show that overall community network use was characterized by high popularity and low intensity. Although the average coverage of community network use of Nanjing residents was high, the intensity of use only remained at the "occasional use" level. Most users were from newly built communities. As for the usage type of community networks, "mobile Internet" was most popular among the residents, and community QQ/WeChat groups showed the highest use intensity, followed by community Official Accounts/APPs, and community websites/community forums had the lowest use intensity. With regard to community "O2O", community participation was significantly promoted by using community networks. The use of community networks will enhance the depth of participation by promoting transaction type community participation. This article proposes that smart community development should compensate for the lack of attention to community networks and community involvement, and facilitate a return to community public life through participation in community activities that increases the vitality of communities.

Key words: urban community, community participation, community network, smart community, community “O2O”, Nanjing City