地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 644-654.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.05.012

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    

旅游者自我概念的时空演变——典型网络游记的个案研究

黄清燕1(), 白凯1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院,西安 710119
    2. 陕西省旅游信息化工程实验室,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-01 出版日期:2017-05-20 发布日期:2017-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 白凯 E-mail:18706864244@163.com;bkshaanxi@163.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:黄清燕(1992-),女,陕西安康人,硕士生,主要从事旅游地理与旅游者行为研究,E-mail:18706864244@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271157, 41671144);陕西省社会科学基金项目(13Q046);陕西高校人文社会科学青年英才支持计划(HSSTP)

Tourist self-concept in time and space: A case study on typical online travel notes

Qingyan HUANG1(), Kai BAI1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Tourism and Environment College, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    2. Shaanxi Tourism Information Engineering Laboratory, Xi'an 710119, China
  • Received:2016-11-01 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20
  • Contact: Kai BAI E-mail:18706864244@163.com;bkshaanxi@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271157, No.41671144;Social Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province, No.13Q046;Humanities and Social Science Talent Plan in Shaanxi Province (HSSTP)

摘要:

以典型网络游记为研究内容与对象,采用个案研究方法,通过初步理论建构,发现旅游者自我概念时空展演过程主要包括以下三个基本特征:①从时间维度而言,旅游者自我概念是一个动态变化且又循环往复的过程,随着旅游时空的流动、转换,呈现出现实自我“困顿—认同—悦己”;理想自我“渴求—自由—满足”;社会自我“疏离—纯真—责任”历时性变化。且旅游者自我概念历时演变过程并非永恒不变,它会随着旅游者下一次的出游进一步重构,也会经由旅游经历的积累不断更新替代。②从空间维度而言,旅游者经历了“生活世界、旅游世界、生活世界”的循环,旅游者自我概念经历了“生活世界(自我诊断)—旅游世界(自我反思)—生活世界(自我重构)”演变历程。③旅游是一种非物化的、流变的时空过程与体验,人们的旅游动机并非恪守于以往对象化的体验,同时也追求旅游流动过程中产生于旅游主体之上的时空意义,凸显为自我发现、自我反思、自我认同与自我重构的主体认知过程。

关键词: 自我概念, 自我形象, 旅行与旅游, 网络游记, 个案研究

Abstract:

Through a case study of typical online travel notes, this research found that the vertical development of tourists' self-concept has three essential features. First, in the temporal dimension, tourists' self-concept is a dynamic and cyclic process. As time goes on, tourists' self-concept experiences diachronic changes of the actual self, ideal self, and social self. Changes include that the actual self goes through "weariness-identity-appreciation"; ideal self goes through "eagerness-freedom-satisfaction"; and social self goes through "alienation-authenticity-responsibility." This process is dynamic, and will be replaced by new experiences. Second, when the spatial dimension is concerned, the tourists experience the change of life-world and tourism-world, tourists' self-concept experiences "life-world self-diagnosis-tourism- world self-reflection-life-world self-reconstruction. Last but not the least, travel is a non-material and transforming process. Instead of visiting material objects, tourists also involve in subject's cognitive process, including self-discovery, self-reflection, self-identity, and self-reconstruction.

Key words: self-concept, self-image, travel and tour, online travel notes, case study