地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 569-584.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.05.005

• 评论与综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

邮轮旅游的负效应与责任性研究综述

孙晓东(), 侯雅婷   

  1. 华东师范大学工商管理学院,上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-01 出版日期:2017-05-20 发布日期:2017-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙晓东(1979-),男,山东安丘人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为邮轮旅游、旅游管理与决策分析,E-mail:xdsun@bs.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71572057,71202134);国家旅游局旅游业青年专家培养计划(TYETP201522);上海市人民政府决策咨询课题(2016-Z-J01-B,2016-GR-14)

Research on negative impacts and responsibility of cruise tourism

Xiaodong SUN(), Yating HOU   

  1. School of Business Administration, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2016-09-01 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.71572057, No.71202134;Tourism Young Expert Training Program of China National Tourism Administration, No.TYETP201522;Shanghai Municipal Government Decision-making Consulting Project, No.2016-Z-J01-B, No.2016-GR-14

摘要:

邮轮产业已经成为国际旅游和接待业中发展速度最快、经济效益最显著的业务之一。随着全球邮轮市场的东移,中国邮轮业受到了前所未有的关注,已发展成为亚太邮轮市场的核心组成部分。随着邮轮经济的不断深化,邮轮旅游业对中国经济、社会、文化和环境的影响日渐广泛而深远,而邮轮旅游的可持续性与责任性问题将成为该产业发展的重大议题。本文对国内外文献进行整理和分析后发现,目前国内学者对邮轮旅游及其影响的审视还不够深刻,特别是对邮轮旅游业的负效应或负外部性问题没有引起足够关注,研究成果非常有限,研究视角也较为宽泛。本文主要对近15年来国外邮轮旅游可持续性与责任性方面的成果进行了综述,在对邮轮经济的有限性、邮轮旅游对自然环境破坏和社会—文化冲击等方面的成果进行梳理的基础上,提出了“负责任邮轮旅游”的系统结构与行动框架,可为中国今后邮轮旅游业持续、快速与健康发展提供理论指导与实践支持。

关键词: 邮轮旅游, 邮轮产业, 负效应, 可持续性, 责任性

Abstract:

In recent years, the cruise industry has become one of the most dynamic, rapidly developing and profitable segments in the global tourism and hospitality industry, with millions of passengers each year. China has become one of the most attractive emerging markets in the Asia-Pacific region. Cruise tourism has significant economic impacts on port cities and relevant tourism regions, outputting remarkable employment opportunities and total revenue. However, the development of the cruising sector also brings negative economic, environmental, and social and cultural impacts on cruise destinations and local communities. With the fast development of the Chinese cruise industry, influences of cruise tourism will become far-reaching. It is critical for the Chinese cruise industry to better understand impacts of cruise tourism, particularly the negative side. However, this issue is neglected by the Chinese academic community. Using a sustainable and responsible tourism lens, the purpose of the current article is to systematically examine the negative impacts of cruise tourism by comprehensively reviewing international studies in relation to externalities of cruise tourism. Accordingly, a model or framework of responsible cruise tourism, consisting of governments, non-profit organizations, local communities, cruise passengers, and the cruise industry, is proposed. This article is an attempt to stimulate more attentions from Chinese researchers to the sustainability and responsibility of cruise tourism.

Key words: cruise tourism, cruise industry, negative impacts, sustainability, responsibility