地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 320-326.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.03.007

• 研究专题:资源环境承载力 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于海洋功能区划的海域开发利用承载力评价——以津冀海域为例

曹可1,2(), 张志峰1,2, 马红伟1,2, 杨正先1,2, 索安宁1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 国家海洋环境监测中心,辽宁 大连 116023
    2. 国家海洋局海域管理技术重点实验室,辽宁 大连 116023
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-01 出版日期:2017-03-20 发布日期:2017-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 索安宁 E-mail:kcao@nmemc.org.cn;ansuo@nmemc.org.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:曹可(1978-),男,辽宁大连人,博士,副研究员,主要从事海域管理技术研究,E-mail:kcao@nmemc.org.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41376120);中国科学院科技服务网络计划(STS计划)项目(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-021)

Capacity for resource exploitation based on marine functional zones: A case study in the Tianjin-Hebei coastal area

Ke CAO1,2(), Zhifeng ZHANG1,2, Hongwei MA1,2, Zhengxian YANG1,2, Anning SUO1,2,*()   

  1. 1. National Marine Environment Monitoring Center, Dalian 116023, Liaoning, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Sea Field Management Technology, SOA, Dalian 116023, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2017-01-01 Online:2017-03-20 Published:2017-03-20
  • Contact: Anning SUO E-mail:kcao@nmemc.org.cn;ansuo@nmemc.org.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41376120;Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KFJ-STS-ZDTP-021

摘要:

海洋功能区划是海域法确定的海域开发利用的重要依据。本文针对海域开发利用管理的技术需求,采用专家咨询法,确定海域使用分类8个一级类型所包含的30个二级类型的资源耗用系数,构建了海域开发利用强度指数及海域开发利用评价标准,以此为基础形成了基于海洋功能区划的海域开发利用承载力指数,并以津冀海域为例开展了实证评价研究。结果表明:①以海洋功能区划为依据的海域开发利用承载力评价方法可客观地揭示海域开发利用承载力程度。②津冀海域的曹妃甸海域、天津滨海新区海域和黄骅海域开发利用承载力指数分别达到10.30、13.87和10.30,处于承载力较高状态;昌黎海域开发利用承载力指数为7.61,处于承载力适中状态;其余的秦皇岛市区、抚宁县、乐亭县、滦南县和丰南区海域开发利用承载力指数都小于5.0,处于承载力较低状态。

关键词: 海域开发利用, 承载力, 海洋功能区划, 评价, 津冀海域

Abstract:

Marine functional zonation is an important basis for marine spatial planning and exploitation, as stipulated by the Sea Use Management Law of the People's Republic of China. In this study, the Delphi method was employed to explore resource consumption coefficients of the 8 types of Grade I and 30 types of Grade II marine functional zones. Then the marine exploitation index and evaluation standard were established. The capacity index of marine exploitation and reclamation index were created based on marine functional zonation. The Tianjin-Hebei coastal area was chosen as a typical case to test the methods and indices. The result shows that the evaluation methods of marine exploitation capacity can reveal the capacity of marine exploitation objectively. Marine exploitation capacity index is 10.30, 13.87, and 10.30 in Cofeidian, Tianjin coastal new district, and Huanghua, which belong to the high capacity zone. Marine exploitation capacity index is 7.61 in Changli, which belongs to the moderate capacity zone. While marine exploitation capacity index is below 5.0 in Qinhuangdao City, Funing, Leting, Luannan, and Fengnan, which belong to the low capacity zone.

Key words: marine exploitation, carrying capacity, marine functional zone, assessment, Tianjin-Hebei coastal area