地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 244-255.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.02.010

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

近30年来国外国家公园研究进展与启示

肖练练1,2(), 钟林生1,2,*(), 周睿1,3, 虞虎1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 中国科学院资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 出版日期:2017-02-20 发布日期:2017-02-20
  • 通讯作者: 钟林生 E-mail:xiaoll.15b@igsnrr.ac.cn;zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:肖练练(1987-),女,博士研究生,主要从事生态旅游研究,E-mail:xiaoll.15b@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671527,41301623);环境保护部项目(国家公园体制研究)

Review of international research on national parks as an evolving knowledge domain in recent 30 years

Lianlian XIAO1,2(), Linsheng ZHONG1,2,*(), Rui ZHOU1,3, Hu YU1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Online:2017-02-20 Published:2017-02-20
  • Contact: Linsheng ZHONG E-mail:xiaoll.15b@igsnrr.ac.cn;zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671527, No.41301623;Program of the Ministry of Environmental Protection (Research on National Park System)]

摘要:

国家公园是自然保护和旅游研究领域的重要内容之一。本文以Web of Science数据库收录的近30年国外国家公园相关文献为基础,对筛选的451篇英文文献运用可视化软件CitespaceⅢ及系统综述的方法,从资源评估、环境影响、发展模式、规划、运营管理5个方面对国外国家公园研究主要内容进行述评,并对研究方法进行系统分析。最后,从国家公园立法、发展模式构建、管理内容与方法、社区参与模式与机制、环境监测与评估5个方面提出未来中国国家公园的研究方向。总体上看,国外有关国家公园的研究具有研究对象复杂、视角多元、方法综合的特征。在构建国家公园体制的大背景下,借鉴国际经验构建中国国家公园研究体系将对完善中国保护地相关研究、指导国家公园建设具有重要意义。

关键词: 国家公园, CitespaceⅢ, 知识图谱, 文献综述, 启示

Abstract:

Research on national parks has been a focus in ecological protection and tourism fields. Based on 451 English-language academic publications (1986-2016) collected from the Web of Science database, this article synthesizes the multiple aspects of research on national parks with regard to resource assessment, environmental impact, planning, and management, and identifies research methods in national park studies. Citespace III and systematic review methods are employed to compile and analyze the literature in the database. This article also critically proposes five directions for future research in China, including legislation, development models, management content and methods, community participation models and mechanism, and environmental impact monitoring and assessment of national parks. In general, characteristics of international research on national parks involve complicated objectives, diverse perspectives, and comprehensive methods. In the context of national park construction in China, developing a research system of national parks based on international experiences will contribute to enriching the research on China’s protected areas and providing guidance for Chinese national park construction.

Key words: national park, Citespace III, map of knowledge domain, literature review, enlightenment