地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 112-124.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.01.011

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

21世纪中国人文地理学研究的国际影响定量分析与挑战

何金廖(), 黄贤金*()   

  1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,人文地理研究中心,南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-01 出版日期:2017-01-20 发布日期:2017-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 黄贤金 E-mail:heliu2009cn@hotmail.com;hxj369@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:何金廖(1983-),男,湖南人,副研究员,主要从事经济地理与城市地理研究,E-mail: heliu2009cn@hotmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571162);江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究重点项目(2014ZDIXM001)

Quantitative analysis and challenges of Chinese human geography in the international academia since 2000

Jinliao HE(), Xianjin HUANG*()   

  1. School of Geographical and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2016-09-01 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20
  • Contact: Xianjin HUANG E-mail:heliu2009cn@hotmail.com;hxj369@nju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41571162;Key Project of Jiangsu Higher Education for Philosophy and Social Sciences, No.2014ZDIXM001

摘要:

本文从当代人文地理学的跨学科特点出发,以2000年以来美国科学情报机构156个SSCI人文地理学期刊的10万余篇论文为基础数据,通过文献计量法从期刊的分类、发文总量、高引用率、世界一流学术机构和明星学者的分布、热门期刊和关键词等方面深入分析当前中国人文地理学在国际学术界的地位、发展趋势以及面临的问题和挑战。结果显示:①21世纪以来,中国人文地理学在国际学术界的迅速崛起已经成为不容争议的事实,中国人文地理学者在国际SSCI期刊的发文总量、高引用率、世界一流机构和明星学者等方面都处于领先地位(世界排名第6)。②当前,中西方人文地理的学科发展存在较大差异,中国人文地理学有着很强的“发展主义”和“实证主义”属性,发文期刊多以规划与发展、遥感、景观等领域为主;而西方人文地理学的社会学偏向非常明显,社会公平、制度和文化嵌入性是西方学者关注的重点领域,在经济地理、文化地理、政治地理等主流期刊中占主导地位。③最后,文章呼吁中国人文地理学应加强在创新研究、社会网络、区域治理、社会正义等方面的理论创新以及与西方理论学派的对话。

关键词: 人文地理学, 跨学科, 文献计量, 社会文化转向, 世界一流大学, 中国

Abstract:

This article presents an analysis on international journals in the broad discipline of human geography indexed by the US Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), including 115736 articles from 156 Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) journals published during 2000-2013. It examines the performance, trends, characteristics, and challenges of Chinese human geography in the process of internationalization by an in-depth analysis of knowledge production in terms of the number of papers, citations, and top institutions and scholars in current human geography literature. The results show that: First, contemporary human geography is comprised of orthodox geographies (for example, economic geography, urban geography, cultural geography, and political geography), environmental studies, urban studies, development and planning, and economics, which are interconnected. There is an evident shift of western human geography towards social and cultural dimensions. Second, it is an indisputable fact that China has emerged as an important contributor for international literature in human geography in recent years with respect to not only the amount of paper production, but also highly influential publications and leading institutions and scholars. Nevertheless, at present China is not in the position to challenge the Anglo-American hegemony in the global pattern of human geography. Third, Chinese human geography is highly characterized by developmentalism and empiricism, being excluded from the mainstream fields of human geographical strands and epistemologies. Lastly, there exist huge gaps in the areas of cultural and social geography, innovation-based studies, social networks, and regional governance between Chinese and international studies, which requires a timely research agenda to promote reform of current institutions of China's educational and research systems, and to make fruitful dialogues with external scholarship.

Key words: human geography, interdisciplinary, bibliometric analysis, social and cultural turn, world class university, China