地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 78-86.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.01.008

• 研究专题:京津冀协同发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

京津冀协同创新水平评价及提升对策研究

孙瑜康1,2(), 李国平1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 北京大学政府管理学院,北京 100871
    2. 京津冀协同发展联合创新中心,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-01 出版日期:2017-01-20 发布日期:2017-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 李国平 E-mail:sunyukang521@126.com;lgp@pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙瑜康(1988-),男,山东莱阳人,博士生,研究方向为城市与区域规划,E-mail: sunyukang521@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    北京市科技计划项目(Z161100003116052);国家自然科学基金项目(41671120);教育部社科青年基金项目(14YJC790136)

Evaluation and upgrading of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei regional collaborative innovation capacity

Yukang SUN1,2(), Guoping LI1,2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Innovation Consortium for Jing-Jin-Ji Collaborative Development, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2016-12-01 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20
  • Contact: Guoping LI E-mail:sunyukang521@126.com;lgp@pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Science and Technology Plan Projects of Beijing, No.Z161100003116052;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671120;MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences, No.14YJC790136

摘要:

协同创新是京津冀协同发展的核心议题之一,本文从缩小京津冀三地间创新水平差距和推动跨地区、跨主体的创新协作两个视角构建了协同创新指数,对京津冀协同创新水平进行测度评价。测度结果为:2010-2014年期间,京津冀整体的创新能力有了明显提升,但不同地区间、不同主体间的协同创新水平仍然较低。从综合创新水平来看,北京在创新的投入、产出和环境方面都遥遥领先,天津在创新投入和产业创新产出方面进步很快,河北在产业创新产出方面也有较快增长,但创新环境进步缓慢。从主体间协同创新水平来看,企业的主体地位较低,高校和研究机构的知识创新产出丰富但产业化程度较低。从区域间的协同创新水平来看,北京技术转移在全国范围内呈现“跳跃式”扩散特征,但对津冀主要产业的创新带动贡献不大。最后,提出了促进创新要素特别是人才要素的流动、构建官产学研多元主体协同创新模式、加强创新链与产业链对接等政策建议。

关键词: 京津冀, 协同创新, 创新指数, 创新政策

Abstract:

Collaborative innovation is one of the core issues of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration and coordinated development. This study constructed a collaborative innovation index of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region for narrowing the gap of innovative level and promoting innovation cooperation among different regions and actors. From 2010 to 2014, while the overall innovation ability of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region has improved significantly, notable differences within the region remain and innovative collaboration among different regions and actors is still at a low level. In terms of the differences within the region, Beijing is far ahead in the fields of innovation investment, output, and environment. Tianjin is making rapid progress in innovation investment and high-tech industry development. Hebei has shown rapid growth in high-tech industry investment but slow progress in innovation output and environment. In terms of regional innovative collaboration among key actors, the role of enterprises is lagging far behind the developed regions. Although universities and research institutions have abundant research results, many of them remain unapplied. Lastly, in terms of the ability for cross-region innovative cooperation, Beijing has shown a "jumpy" diffusion pattern with much stronger influence and collaboration with faraway regions than its immediate neighboring areas of Tianjin and Hebei. The article concludes with recommendations on how to further clear the orientation and function division of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, create a better collaborative innovation market environment, make an industry-university-research institute system, and deepen the reform of the science and technology innovation system.

Key words: Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, collaborative innovation, innovation index, innovation policy