地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 2-14.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.01.001

• 研究专题:京津冀协同发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

京津冀协同发展的机制创新与区域政策研究

毛汉英1,2()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 国际欧亚科学院中国科学中心,北京 100107
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-01 出版日期:2017-01-20 发布日期:2017-01-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:毛汉英(1938-),国际欧亚科学院院士,研究员,从事区域发展与规划及世界地理研究,E-mail: maohy@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重大项目(41590842)

Innovation of mechanism and regional policy for promoting coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei

Hanying MAO1,2()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. China Science Center of International Eurasian Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100107, China
  • Received:2016-12-01 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20
  • Supported by:
    Major Projects of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41590842

摘要:

机制创新与区域政策是政府对区域发展的方向、目标、速度、格局和路径进行调控的政策手段。本文探讨了机制创新与区域政策在京津冀协同发展中的保障作用,强调京津冀协同发展必须正确处理好公平与效率的关系、人与自然的关系。根据京津冀协同发展近中期的主要任务,提出了当前机制创新与区域政策应重点服务于:有序疏解北京非首都功能、优化产业结构与空间布局、构建一体化的现代交通网络、促进基本公共服务均等化、加强生态环境保护五大方面;并基于长远和全局视角,阐述了京津冀协同发展的机制创新与宏观区域政策,包括:区域产业协同发展机制与政策、区域要素市场一体化机制与政策、区域协同创新机制与政策、区域公共服务共建共享机制与政策和区域横向生态补偿机制与政策。这些政策旨在为推动京津冀协同发展提供决策参考依据。

关键词: 京津冀, 协同发展, 一体化, 机制创新, 区域政策

Abstract:

Innovation of mechanism and regional policy are important means for adjusting and controlling the direction, goal, speed, and path of regional development. This article explored the effect of mechanism innovation and regional policy on coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. The relationship between fairness and efficiency, and human and nature should be placed in an important position. According to the main tasks of the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region in the near and medium terms, we put forward five key tasks of mechanism innovation and the policy support required: mitigate the non-capital function of Beijing orderly, optimize the industrial structure and spatial layout, build an integrated modern transportation network, promote equal basic public services, and strengthen environment protection. From a long-term and global perspective, we elaborated the key mechanism innovation and macro regional policies, including coordinated development of regional industry, integrative development of regional factor market, regional collaborative innovation, regional public service sharing, and regional horizontal ecological compensation. These policies could provide decision-making references for promoting the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.

Key words: Beijing-Tianjin-Heibei, coordinated development, integrative development, mechanism innovation, regional policy