地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (12): 1506-1516.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.12.007

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基于家庭生命历程的北京郊区居民行为空间研究

柴宏博(), 冯健*()   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 冯健 E-mail:chaihb0103@gmail.com;fengjian@pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:柴宏博(1991-),女,甘肃会宁人,硕士生,主要从事城市地理研究,E-mail:chaihb0103@gmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671157)

Behavior space of suburban residents in Beijing based on family life course

Hongbo CHAI(), Jian FENG*()   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20
  • Contact: Jian FENG E-mail:chaihb0103@gmail.com;fengjian@pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671157

摘要:

郊区居民行为空间研究是解读郊区空间的重要方面之一,当前的研究多基于汇总的个体数据,从家庭层面出发的微观研究较少。本文运用质性研究方法,选取居住在北京五环至六环之间的3个不同类型的家庭开展实证研究,旨在通过以家庭为单元的行为空间研究,丰富对郊区居民行为空间的理解。研究发现:家庭的生命历程与家庭成员的日常行为之间存在一定的辩证关系。生命历程中的重要生命事件,包括迁居、就业选择、家庭结构变化、家内成员的社会角色变化等,会通过改变地理背景、移动性和家庭内部的责任分工,影响每一个成员的惯常活动模式。家庭内部的资源分配和时间安排形成了家庭成员一段时间内相对固定的行为模式,但当部分因素改变时,家庭也会通过一定的协调机制来响应家庭成员所遇到的制约,以便家庭成员能够更好的完成日常生活所需的各类活动。

关键词: 家庭, 生命历程, 生命事件, 行为空间, 郊区, 北京

Abstract:

The suburbs are an important part of urban space. Through the analysis of the formation and change of behavior space of suburban residents, we can understand the interactive relationship between behavior space and urban space. Existing studies about behavior space of suburban residents pay much attention to aggregated data based on individuals but little attention is paid to family units. This study used family as a basic unit to explain the micro-level behavior space of suburban residents. It chose three different types of families as cases, which all lived between the fifth and the sixth ring roads of Beijing. By using qualitative research methods, we analyzed the important life events in their life courses and the influence on their behavior. The results show that there's a dialectical relationship between the life course and the daily behavior of each individual in these families. Migration and changes of individuals' employment, social role in a family, and family structure are all important life events of a family. The influences of these events are in two aspects. On the one hand, the interaction of home-work space constrains the daily activities of family members. On the other hand, the changes of job-housing relationship and family structure influence family division of labor. Different family division of labor also affects the daily activities of male and female parents. Although gender differences are still existing and different among different families, a family can influence and coordinate the daily activities of the family members through different strategies. Suburban space expands the gender differences in activity and mobility of individuals, but family, as a coordination mechanism, can help individuals to cope better.

Key words: family, life-course theory, life event, behavior space, suburban, Beijing