地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): 1237-1248.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.10.007

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

面向空心村综合整治的农村土地资源配置探析

赵明月1(), 王仰麟1,*(), 胡智超2, 宋治清1   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室,北京 100871
    2. 北京工业大学建筑与城市规划学院,北京 100124
  • 出版日期:2016-10-28 发布日期:2016-10-26
  • 通讯作者: 王仰麟 E-mail:zhaomy647@pku.edu.cn;ylwang@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵明月(1990-),女,山东邹城人,博士生,主要从事景观生态和综合自然地理研究,E-mail: zhaomy647@pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAL01B01E)

Comprehensive consolidation of hollowing village oriented rural land resource allocation

Mingyue ZHAO1(), Yanglin WANG1,*(), Zhichao HU2, Zhiqing SONG1   

  1. 1. Laboratory for Earth Surface Process, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
  • Online:2016-10-28 Published:2016-10-26
  • Contact: Yanglin WANG E-mail:zhaomy647@pku.edu.cn;ylwang@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Science and Technology Support Program of China, No.2014BAL01B01E

摘要:

如何通过空心村综合整治实现农村土地资源的合理配置,是构建城乡发展一体化新格局所要面对和解决的重大问题。本文通过梳理空心村整治和农村土地资源配置的概念内涵,明晰了新型城镇化、乡村重构、空心村整治和农村土地资源配置之间的内在关联;根据不同空心村整治类型例证了农村土地资源配置模式,并提出面向空心村整治的农村土地资源配置的市场化及制度保障措施。结果表明:空心村整治的实质是实现以农村土地要素为载体的要素有序流动及其优化配置,乡村重构和空心村整治互为理论依据和推动途径,空心村整治和新型城镇化互为重要内容和研究背景,新型城镇化和乡村重构则互为政策推力和实现方法;对应于空心村综合整治途径,将农村土地资源配置分为城乡一体型、中心社区型和就地改良型3种模式;当前需要发挥市场对农村土地资源配置的决定性作用,重点改革土地征收制度、土地承包经营权流转制度、宅基地流转制度和农村土地退出制度,完善户籍制度、社会保障制度和税费制度,从而有效提升农村土地利用效率。

关键词: 空心村, 综合整治, 农村土地资源配置, 乡村重构, 保障制度

Abstract:

Allocating land resources through comprehensive consolidation of hollowing villages to realize an improved spatial configuration of rural regions is crucial to integrated rural-urban development. In this article, we summarized the contents of hollowing village consolidation and rural land resource allocation; clarified the inter-relationship between new urbanization, rural restructuring, hollowing village consolidation, and rural land resource allocation; identified three types of land resource allocation; and finally analyzed the mechanisms and institutions of rural land resource allocation. The results show that: The essence of hollowing village consolidation is to realize efficient circulation and optimized allocation of factors, including rural land, production, and livelihood factors. Rural restructuring provides the theoretical foundation for hollowing village consolidation, and the latter is a driving force to realize rural restructuring. Under the background of new urbanization, hollowing village consolidation is an important content to realize urbanization. New urbanization is a policy thrust of rural restructuring and the latter offers a method to realize new urbanization. Market is decisive in rural land resource allocation. Appropriate institutions are needed to reform and improve land resource allocation, including land expropriation, transfer of land use rights, transfer of homestead, and exit of land from rural land use. These institutions and a well-developed social security system will help improve the efficiency of rural land resource allocation.

Key words: hollowing village, consolidation, rural land resource allocation, rural restructuring, social security system