地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (9): 1167-1176.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.09.011

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    

信息通讯技术对老年人的社区满意度影响路径——以南京市锁金社区为例

陈卉, 甄峰*()   

  1. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-01 修回日期:2015-07-01 出版日期:2016-09-20 发布日期:2016-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 甄峰 E-mail:zhenfeng@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈卉(1992-),女,福建福州人,硕士研究生,主要从事智慧社区研究,E-mail: chenhuinju@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571146)

Impact of ICT on community satisfaction among elderly:The case of Suojin Community in Nanjing City

Hui CHEN, Feng ZHEN*()   

  1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2016-04-01 Revised:2015-07-01 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Contact: Feng ZHEN E-mail:zhenfeng@nju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Foundation: National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41571146

摘要:

在中国老龄化进程加快以及智慧养老快速发展的背景下,如何运用信息通讯技术(ICT)提高老年人社区生活质量成为地理学与规划学等领域的关注热点。本文选取南京市首个智慧平台落户社区——锁金社区为实证调研对象,通过构建结构方程模型结合问卷调查,探究信息通讯技术对老年人的社区满意度影响路径,其中问卷内容主要包括个人特征属性、个人ICT使用情况、社会支持情况、社区满意度等。结果表明:老年人信息设备的拥有及使用越趋向多元化,其网络活动越频繁;受教育使用水平越高、使用互联网意愿更强烈的老年人其网络活动越频繁;信息通讯技术主要通过社交类网络活动促进老年人的家庭、邻里交往,提高老年人的社会支持,从而提升社区满意度;与社区建成环境相比,社会支持对于老年人的社区满意度影响更大。因此,合理运用信息通讯技术加强老年人与家人、邻里等的联系强度,是提高老年人社区生活质量的一条可行路径。研究结果对于智慧社区、智慧养老建设具有一定的借鉴意义。

关键词: 老年人, 信息通讯技术, 结构方程, 社会支持, 社区满意度, 南京市锁金社区

Abstract:

With the rapid development of information and communication technology, the number of "netizens" is increasing. There is also a tendency of rapid growth of netizens aged 60 and above. Information and Communication Technology has increasingly become a significant part of social and economic life in today's society, deeply influencing people's behavior. In the context of accelerating aging of the Chinese population and the rapid development of smart elderly care, how to use information and communication technology to improve elderly's quality of community life is becoming a hot topic in geography and urban planning studies. This study chose Suojin Community—the first smart community in Nanjing City—as empirical research case. Suojin Community has actively engaged in information technology development. This study explores the relationship between information and communication technology and elderly's community satisfaction. A survey was conducted in Suojin Community from September to December 2015 by the Nanjing University research group, resulting in 212 valid samples that were later applied in a structural equation modeling. The questionnaire mainly includes four sets of questions on respondents' personal attributes, level of personal use of ICT, social support, and community satisfaction. The analysis shows that greater diversity of information and communication device possession and usage led to more frequent network activities. Elderlies with higher level of education and willingness to use the Internet are more likely to use more information and communication devices and have higher frequency of network activities. Information and communication technology promotes interactions with family and neighbors through social networking activities, such as chatting on QQ and WeChat, which enhance elderly's social support and community satisfaction. Social support has greater impact than the built environment on elderly's community satisfaction. Therefore, an effective path to improve elderly's quality of community life is to strengthen contacts with family and neighbors by information and communication technology. The result has important implications for the development of smart community and smart elderly care. Using information and communication technology to combine social networking with emotional support and social resources provision is the future direction of community development research.

Key words: elderly, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), structural equation model, social support, community satisfaction, Suojin Community in Nanjing