地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (9): 1049-1061.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.09.001

• 研究综述 •    下一篇

中国农村居民点用地微观尺度研究进展及展望

张佰林1, 蔡为民1,*(), 张凤荣2, 姜广辉3, 关小克4   

  1. 1. 天津工业大学管理学院,天津 300387
    2. 中国农业大学资源与环境学院,北京 100193
    3. 北京师范大学资源学院,北京 100875
    4. 郑州轻工业学院社会发展研究中心,郑州 450002
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-01 修回日期:2016-07-01 出版日期:2016-09-20 发布日期:2016-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 蔡为民 E-mail:157903792@qq.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张佰林(1987-),男,山东沂水人,博士,讲师,研究方向为农村土地整治与可持续利用,E-mail: zhangbailin135@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271111,41671519,41301189,41501189)

Progress and prospects of micro-scale research on rural residential land in China

Bailin ZHANG1, Weimin CAI1,*(), Fengrong ZHANG2, Guanghui JIANG3, Xiaoke GUAN4   

  1. 1. School of Management, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2. School of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    3. School of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    4. Social Development Research Center of Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, China
  • Received:2016-04-01 Revised:2016-07-01 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Contact: Weimin CAI E-mail:157903792@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    Foundation: National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271111, No.41671519, No.41301189, No.41501189

摘要:

中国快速工业化和城镇化进程助推农村发展经历了深刻转型,农村居民点用地类型及功能逐渐多样化和非农化,由此对农村居民点内部地类辨析、演变规律及驱动力探讨等提出了迫切需求。本文围绕农村居民点用地类型、结构及功能,农村居民点用地空心化以及用地景观等方面进行了较全面地总结,指出农村居民点用地演变与经济发展及农户生计变化息息相关。都市郊区及经济发达地区农户就地非农就业促使农村居民点用地类型多样化以及功能和景观的非农化,传统农区劳动力大量转移导致农村居民点用地闲置废弃和景观的空心化。当前,无论从技术手段还是研究内容看,农村居民点用地微观尺度研究仍以现象描述和解释为主,未来应逐渐向实践应用拓展和深化,并加强微观研究方法与技术手段的创新。在微观尺度的农村居民点用地转型、演变模式提炼基础上,深入剖析农村居民点用地的演变规律及驱动机理,提出面向国家战略需求的农村居民点空间重构方向,将凸显乡村聚落地理研究的政策出口与实践价值。

关键词: 农村居民点用地, 微观尺度, 进展与展望, 中国

Abstract:

In the process of rapid industrialization and urbanization, important transformations have taken place in the development of rural China, which resulted in the diversification and differentiation of rural residential land use. This change demands immediate micro-scale research on the evolution of rural settlements. Existing micro-scale research on rural settlements has focused on their structural and functional characteristics and change, characteristics and mechanism of rural hollowing, and structure and change of the cultural landscape of rural settlements. Rural residential land use is related to the change of livelihoods of rural households. In urban-rural fringe and economically developed areas, non-farming employment of rural residents prompts the diversification as well as non-agriculturalization of rural residential land. In traditional agricultural regions, a large number of laborers flows to cities and towns, leading to the disused of rural residential land. Microscopic study of rural residential land has mainly focused on the description and explanation of related phenomena. It should be gradually expanded and deepened to practical applications in the future. Research on the transformation of rural residential land and patterns of change, the effect on society, economy, and environment, and the reconstruction of rural settlements for the implementation of national development strategies should be promoted in order to provide decision support for rural residential land consolidation and contracted land registration under the background of new urbanization.

Key words: rural residential land, micro-scale, progress and prospect, China