地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 600-609.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.05.007

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于全球—地方视角的创新网络研究进展

司月芳1,2(), 曾刚1,2,**(), 曹贤忠1,2, 朱贻文1,2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
    2. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
  • 接受日期:2015-10-01 出版日期:2016-05-27 发布日期:2016-05-27
  • 通讯作者: 曾刚 E-mail:yfsi@re.ecnu.edu.cn;gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:司月芳(1982-),女,副教授,主要从事中国对外直接投资、创新网络和区域经济发展研究,E-mail: yfsi@re.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401128, 41371147);教育部人文社会科学项目(14YJC790098);中国博士后科学基金项目(137596)

Research progress of glocal innovation networks

Yuefang SI1,2(), Gang ZENG1,2,*(), Xianzhong CAO1,2, Yiwen ZHU1,2   

  1. 1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. School of Urban & Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Accepted:2015-10-01 Online:2016-05-27 Published:2016-05-27
  • Contact: Gang ZENG E-mail:yfsi@re.ecnu.edu.cn;gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41401128, No.41371147;Humanity and Social Science Foundation of Ministry of Education, China, No.14YJC790098;China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No.137596

摘要:

全球化、创新驱动是新时代的重要特征之一,创新网络成为经济地理学者关注的热点领域之一。在评述现有创新网络研究成果的基础上,本文界定了全球—地方创新网络的内涵和特征,论述了其类型、结构、作用机理和分析方法,并得出结论:全球创新网络与地方创新网络是不可分割的有机体,地方创新网络是全球创新网络的子系统,知识流是创新网络各主体之间联系的重要纽带,行业协会、技术联盟与成员之间的多次协商是全球—地方创新网络的重要组织方式,而网络知识测量方法则能较好地实现定性分析结论与统计计算结论的融合,能较好地刻画、模拟全球—地方创新网络的形态、结构、演变和机理。从服务国家建设和推动中国创新地理学发展的目标出发,有必要开展基于中国国情和视角的全球—地方创新网络机理与区域经济增长之间互动关系的研究,启动不同产业领域的全球—地方创新网络的比较分析,检验网络知识测量方法的可靠性和准确性。

关键词: 全球—地方化, 创新网络, 网络知识, 创新地理学, 研究进展

Abstract:

Against the background of economic globalization and technological development, innovation network has been a heated topic in the field of economic geography research. However, the scale of research of innovation network remains debatable. Among the global, nation, and local scales, which one is important? The concept of “glocalization” provides a new perspective to this research. Glocalization refers to the twin process whereby, firstly, institutional arrangements shift from the national scale both upwards to the global scale and downwards to local configurations and, secondly, economic activities and inter firm networks are becoming simultaneously more localized/ regionalized and transnational. Based on solid theoretical reviews, this article defines the concept of glocal innovation network and then discusses the main issues and research methods of glocal innovation networks. In this article, glocal innovation network is defined as the sum of knowledge network channels of various innovators, for example, firms, universities, and research institutes, which increasingly connect globally scattered innovation resources together. Local innovation networks, which are the sub-networks of global innovation networks, are connected by trans-local knowledge flows. Glocal innovation networks are organized by the negotiation among industrial associations and technology alliances and their members. Network knowledge measurement is the suitable method to analyze the structure, evolution, and mechanism of glocal innovation network. The concept of glocal innovation networks provides a new perspective to analyze the approaches of local/regional innovation capabilities promotion and economic development by utilizing global and local knowledge. We conclude that existing research remains at the stage of conceptual discussion and case studies. Therefore, the following issues should be further studied: (1) glocal innovation network evolution dynamics and its connection with economic development; (2) comparative study of glocal networks of different industries and technologies; (3) characteristics of Chinese glocal innovation networks, which can provide empirical evidence of latecomer regions in the catching-up process for further theoretical discussion.

Key words: glocalization, innovation network, network knowledge, innovation geography, research progress