地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 276-285.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.03.002

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

国外对地缘视野下边境地区的研究进展及其启示

宋涛1,2,3(), 刘卫东1,2,3, 李玏1,2,4,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中国西南地缘环境与边疆发展协同创新中心,昆明 650500
    4. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-01 接受日期:2015-11-01 出版日期:2016-03-25 发布日期:2016-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 李玏 E-mail:songtao@igsnrr.ac.cn;dlslile@foxmail.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:宋涛(1983-),男,山西太原人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事区域可持续发展与地缘政治等方面研究,E-mail: songtao@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41530634,41530751);云南省中国西南地缘环境与边疆发展协同创新中心开放课题

International research on the border regions with a geopolitical perspective and revelation

Tao SONG1,2,3(), Weidong LIU1,2,3, Le LI1,2,4,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development, Kunming 650500, China
    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-07-01 Accepted:2015-11-01 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-03-25
  • Contact: Le LI E-mail:songtao@igsnrr.ac.cn;dlslile@foxmail.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41530634, No.41530751;Foundation of Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development

摘要:

边境地区是国家重要的国土安全屏障和对外开放门户。在全球化、信息化的背景下,边境地区成为地理学、政治学和政治经济学的研究热点。科学认识和总结国际边境研究是推进学科发展的前提。本文以科学引文索引(Web of Science)中边境研究的学术论文为依据,借助于Citespace科学计量工具,系统回顾了国外1990-2015年边境研究的发展脉络、研究领域重点和研究趋势。从文献计量统计分析来看,1990年以来刊文量最大的期刊包括《政治地理学》(Political Geography)、《地缘政治学》(Geopolitics)等。国外边境研究的领域集中于政治地理、环境生态、商业经济、公共管治、人文艺术等方面。地缘政治视角下的领土、国家权力始终是边境研究的重要内容。新世纪以来,边境研究在汲取了批判性地缘政治学、人本主义地缘政治的精髓后,逐渐增强了对边境环境、社会治理等方面的反思。在文献计量分析的基础上,重点阐述了边境的地理涵义和政治属性、经济商贸交流、边境一体化、边境冲突与安全、文化与社会建构、跨境合作制度等领域的研究趋势。最后提出,未来中国边境研究应增强边境地区的综合性发展战略研究,搭建适应于中国特色发展的跨境合作平台与机制,融入国际政治学、民族学、自然地理学等多学科视角。

关键词: 边境研究, 地缘政治, 科学计量学, “一带一路”

Abstract:

Border region is an important national security barrier and opening gateway. In the context of globalization and rapid development of information technology, research on border region has become a hot topic of geography, political science, and political economy internationally. In this article, by means of bibliometric measurement of the Citespace tool and using data from the Web of Science in 1990-2015, international frontiers and trends of border research have been reviewed systematically. The results of bibliometric statistical analysis show that, since 1990, most of the articles on border research were published in political geography and geopolitics journals. The fields of international border research include political geography, environment, ecology, business, economics, public administration, culture, among others. Geopolitical territory and state power have always been important parts of the border research frontier. Since the 21st century, critical geopolitics and humanism geopolitics have been applied to border research, including rethinking societal governance and other aspects of border areas. This article also reviews the key research trends, including economic and trade exchanges, border integration, border conflicts and security, cultural and social construction, as well as cross-border cooperation systems. Finally, it recommends that Chinese border research in the future should emphasize comprehensive strategic research of border areas; build cross-border cooperation platforms and mechanism; and integrate the international political science, ethnology, physical geography, and other multi-disciplinary approaches.

Key words: border research, geopolitics, scientific metrology, the Belt and Road Initiative