地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 173-183.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.02.004

• 研究论文| 区域与城市 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国居民住房内生活设施配置及区域差异

徐小任1,2,3(), 徐勇1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-01 接受日期:2015-07-01 出版日期:2016-02-10 发布日期:2016-02-10
  • 通讯作者: 徐勇 E-mail:xuxr.14b@igsnrr.ac.cn;xuy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:徐小任(1985-),女,山东临沂人,博士生,主要研究方向为土地利用、区域可持续发展,E-mail:xuxr.14b@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院知识创新重点部署项目(KZZD-EW-06)

Provision and regional difference of residential housing indoor facilities in China

Xiaoren XU1,2,3(), Yong XU1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Bejing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-05-01 Accepted:2015-07-01 Online:2016-02-10 Published:2016-02-10
  • Contact: Yong XU E-mail:xuxr.14b@igsnrr.ac.cn;xuy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZZD-EW-06

摘要:

选取居民住房内管道自来水、厨房、厕所、洗澡设施配置率作为衡量指标,在分析单项生活设施配置及区域差异状况的基础上,运用序排列多边形面积法计算综合指数,阐释全国居民住房内生活设施配置及区域差异综合状况,并通过相关性研究解析其形成的原因,最后提出了相应的政策建议。结果表明:全国各县级单元四项设施配置的区域差异显著;大致以“胡焕庸线”为界分为东南、西北两个部分,东南部综合指数高,以高、较高、中等类型区为主;西北部综合指数低,以较低、低类型区为主;东、中、西、东北四大板块综合指数差异大小依次为:东部地区>西部地区>中部地区>东北地区;经济发展水平、居民收入、受教育程度、城镇化率是影响住房内生活设施配置区域差异的重要因素。

关键词: 住房内生活设施, 居民, 配置, 区域差异, 中国

Abstract:

This study analyzed the provision and regional difference of four major indoor facilities in residential housing, including tap water, kitchen, toilet, and shower, in Chinese households. Quadrilateral chart method was used to calculate the composite index of provision and regional difference of provision was discussed based on the result. Causes of the detected differences were examined by correlation analysis. At last, policy recommendations were made based on the research findings. The study found that at the county level there was a remarkable regional difference in the provision of the four types of residential housing indoor facilities in China. Their comprehensive conditions differed spatially between the southeastern and northwestern parts of the country as divided by the Hu Huanyong Line that runs from the northeast to the southwest. The composite index values were high in the southeast and low in the northwest. The southeastern part was mainly charactered by very high, high, and medium level provisions. The northwestern part was chiefly featured by low and very low level provisions. There existed significant differences between the eastern, central, western, and northeastern regions. Among the four regions, internal difference was the largest in the eastern region and smallest in the northeastern region. Level of economic development, household income, degree of education, and urbanization rate were important factors influencing the provision of indoor facilities in residential housing.

Key words: residential housing indoor facility, resident, provision, regional difference, China