地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 14-24.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.01.003

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城市腹地定量识别研究进展与展望

彭建(), 陈云谦, 胡智超, 魏海   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室,北京 100871
  • 出版日期:2016-01-31 发布日期:2016-01-31
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:彭建(1976-),男,四川彭州人,副教授,主要从事景观生态与土地利用研究,E-mail: jianpeng@urban.pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    基金项目:国土资源部公益性行业科研专项经费课题(201311006-1)

Research progress and prospect on quantitative identification of urban hinterland area

Jian PENG(), Yunqian CHEN, Zhichao HU, Hai WEI   

  1. Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Online:2016-01-31 Published:2016-01-31
  • Supported by:
    Non-profit Industry Financial Program, Ministry of Land and Resources of China, No.201311006-1

摘要:

城市与其腹地相互联系、相互作用,对城市腹地的准确识别有助于科学评估城市发展实力与潜力,已成为当前城市(群)空间发展战略制定的重要决策支撑。本文系统梳理了城市腹地概念内涵,从流度辐射区、城市吸引区,到中心地与腹地互动,再到中心地与腹地一体化的历史变化。在此基础上重点探讨了城市腹地定量识别的研究进展:识别对象从单一城市腹地转为城市群腹地,识别内容则从宽泛的综合腹地转向具体产业、金融、信息腹地等,识别方法为对传统场强模型的多要素修正。最后,将城市腹地定量识别研究展望概括为网络城市腹地与虚拟腹地识别、经济—生态—人文腹地的综合识别、遥感数据与非参数化模型的应用等3个方面。

关键词: 城市腹地, 定量识别, 经济—生态—人文腹地, 研究进展与展望

Abstract:

Cities and their hinterlands are linked and interact with each other. Urban hinterland area provides important guarantee for the development of central city, and therefore accurate identification of urban hinterland area is beneficial for the assessment of urban development strength and potential. Since the emergence of hinterland theory at the end of the 19th century, urban hinterland study has been a hot topic in the fields of regional economics and urban geography. Meanwhile, under the background of market liberalization and increasing regional interdependencies, the spatial identification of urban hinterland area has become one of the key topics of urban geography study in China. This article systematically introduces the evolution process of research on urban hinterland area both in China and internationally in retrospect. The concept of hinterland mainly includes the following four aspects: (1) it represents fluidity radiation area with fluidity as the core concept;(2) it indicates city’s gravitation regions with gravity as the core concept; (3) it is a part of a center-hinterland system with the interactive relationship between central place and hinterlands as the core concept; and (4) one cannot separate a core city and its hinterland in a clear-cut manner. By comparing the concepts of urban hinterland area, this article summarizes the following: (1) urban hinterland research is changing from examining urban hinterland comprehensively to targeting more specific objects such as industrial, financial, and information hinterlands, which covers various aspects of urban hinterland; (2) object of identification has changed from the traditional city to urban agglomeration in response to the contemporary demand of urbanization; and (3) traditional quantitative identification method such as field spread model is revised according to various factors with the application of GIS technology, which enables visualization of the results. Finally, this article summarizes the research progress on quantitative identification of urban hinterland area, and points out the deficiencies existing in the current research and projects the research trends: (1) the object of quantitative identification will change from real cities to network cities. At the same time, hinterland will change from real hinterland to virtual hinterland; (2) the content of identification will focus more on ecological and cultural hinterlands since geographic research has increasingly taking on ecological and sociological perspectives; and (3) with regard to identification methods, non-parametric models will be widely used in future research.

Key words: urban hinterland area, quantitative identification, economic-ecological-cultural hinterland, research progress and prospect