地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (11): 1470-1478.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.11.014

• 交通与产业 • 上一篇    

长江经济带分地市承接产业转移能力研究

孙威1,2(), 李文会1,2,3, 林晓娜1,2,3, 王志强1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 出版日期:2015-11-25 发布日期:2015-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 王志强 E-mail:sunw@igsnrr.ac.cn;wangzq@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙威(1975-),男,河南开封人,副研究员,主要从事区域发展和空间规划研究,E-mail: sunw@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    2015年中国科学院学部咨询评议项目“长江经济带重大战略问题研究”;国家自然科学基金项目(41371536)

Capacity to undertake industrial transfer of cities and prefectures in the Yangtze River Economic Belt

Wei SUN1,2(), Wenhui LI1,2,3, Xiaona LIN1,2,3, Zhiqiang WANG1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2015-11-25 Published:2015-11-25
  • Contact: Zhiqiang WANG E-mail:sunw@igsnrr.ac.cn;wangzq@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

国务院出台的《关于依托黄金水道推动长江经济带发展的指导意见》标志着长江经济带已上升为国家战略。其中,促进产业承接和转移是推进长江经济带建设、实现一体化发展面临的主要问题,也是学术界研究的热点问题。本文以长江经济带125个地级市、州和2个直辖市为单元,采用主成分分析方法定量分析了长江经济带承接产业转移的能力,揭示了产业承接能力的空间分异特征和形成机制。研究结果表明:①总体来看,上游和中游地区产业吸引能力不强,上游地区吸引能力主要受地形影响,货运量是影响产业吸引力的主要因子;中游地区主要受主体功能定位、社会消费品零售总额、当年实际使用外资金额的影响。②沿江和省会城市周边地区的产业支撑能力整体较强,而其他地区较弱,这主要受“信息和金融”、“结构和投资”因子的影响。③产业发展能力整体不强的地市分布广泛,主要受“创新能力”因子的影响。④产业承接能力自下游向上游递减,承接能力强的城市沿长江及其主要支流分布,省会城市及其周边城市承接能力普遍较强。

关键词: 产业转移, 产业承接, 支撑能力, 长江经济带

Abstract:

: Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) development has risen to the status of a national development strategy when the State Council promulgated the Guideline of Developing the Yangtze River Economic Belt Based on the Golden Waterway. Among them, promoting the undertaking of industrial transfer is the main challenge faced by the Yangtze River Economic Belt construction and integrated development and has become a hot topic of academic research. This article uses the data of 125 prefecture-level cities and autonomous prefectures and two municipalities of YREB directly under the central government to analyze the capacity of undertaking industrial transfer of the Yangtze River Economic Belt by means of principal component analysis, and reveal the spatial differentiation characteristics and formation mechanism of industrial undertaking capacity. The study shows that: (1) Overall, the industrial attraction capacity in the upper- and middle-reaches of the Yangtze River Basin is not particularly strong. The industrial attraction capacity in the upper-reach area is mainly impacted by the terrain. In this area the volume of freight transport is the main limiting factor of the industrial attraction capacity. The middle-reach area is mainly impacted by the main function zone-designation, total retail sales of consumer goods, and actual use of foreign capital. (2) The industrial supporting capacity is strong along the Yangtze River and around the provincial capital but relatively weak in other areas. This is due to the impact of factors including "information and finance" and "structure and investment". (3) The cities with overall unfavorable industrial development capacity are widely distributed, and this phenomenon are mainly impacted by the "innovation ability" factor. (4) Capacity to undertake industrial transfer decreases from the lower-reach to the upper-reach, cities with strong capacity to undertake industrial transfer distribute along the Yangtze River and its main tributaries, and the capacity of the provincial capitals and their surrounding regions is relatively strong.

Key words: industrial transfer, undertaking industrial transfer, supporting capacity, Yangtze River Economic Belt(YREB)