地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (11): 1458-1469.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.11.013

• 交通与产业 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江经济带农业发展的现状特征与模式转型

李裕瑞1,3(), 杨乾龙2, 曹智1,4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 云南农业大学资源与环境学院,昆明 650201
    3. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    4. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 出版日期:2015-11-25 发布日期:2015-11-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李裕瑞(1983-),男,四川隆昌人,副研究员,研究方向为土地利用、区域农业与农村发展,E-mail: lyr2008@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金重大项目(15ZDA021);国家自然科学基金项目(41201176,41571166)

Current status and pattern transformation of agricultural development in the Yangtze River Economic Belt

Yurui LI1,3(), Qianlong YANG2, Zhi CAO1,4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2015-11-25 Published:2015-11-25

摘要:

本文基于统计数据揭示长江经济带农业发展的现状特征,并结合农业农村发展范式及其演化的回顾,探讨新时期长江经济带农业发展模式转型及其基本策略。研究发现:长江经济带作为我国最重要的农业生产区域之一,近年来农业综合生产能力虽不断提升,但产品产量和产业产值占全国的比重呈下降趋势;农产品国际贸易呈现良好态势,但农产品加工业发展仍较薄弱;农业生产化学品投入强度不断提高,带来的环境问题函待解决;农业发展的新业态不断涌现,工资性收入成为农民收入的主体和动力源。新时期长江经济带的农业发展应充分吸收多功能农业生产和网络化乡村发展范式的有益成分,激发内生动力、整合外部动力,以全国粮食生产核心区、现代农业先行区、农产加工优势区、特色农业产业带为关键目标,实现“七大转变”,着力推进区域农业的多功能转型。深化相关改革、加大财政投入、鼓励创新创业、优化区域布局、加强区域合作、强化村镇建设是实现转型的重要保障。

关键词: 农业发展, 乡村发展, 模式转型, 多功能农业, 长江经济带

Abstract:

This article examines the current status of agricultural development in the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) and discusses strategies for the transformation of agricultural development of this region in the future. The comprehensive capacity of agricultural production of the YREB increased continuously since 1996. The percentage of gross agricultural output in the national total experienced a slight reduction, but there is no doubt that this region is still one of the most important agricultural production areas of China. International trade of agricultural products in the YREB rapidly increased and showed strong competitiveness. The competitiveness of the agricultural products processing industry is still weak—the location entropy of agricultural products processing industry of most provinces in this region is lower than 1. The total amount of chemicals used in agriculture increased continuously and greater attention should be paid to the environmental problems caused by the overuse of these chemicals. Wage income became the largest source of household income. In the future, agricultural development of the YREB should take advantage of the multifunctional agricultural development and rural network paradigm and stimulate endogenous growth forces and integrate external forces, aiming for developing a core area of food production, pilot area of modern agriculture, advanced area of agricultural products processing, and distinctive agricultural undertakings. More effort should be devoted to seven major transitions, namely, from decentralized management to large-scale operation, from extensive and excessively intensive management to moderately intensive management, from part-time farming to specialized operation, from simple processing of agricultural products to comprehensive processing, from emphasizing on physical products to the pursuit of multifunctional value of agriculture, from traditional marketing to modern marketing, and from top-down to integrative bottom-up and top-down approaches. Deepening relevant reforms, increasing financial investment, encouraging innovation and entrepreneurship, optimizing regional distribution, strengthening regional cooperation, and strengthening the development of villages and towns are important guarantees for the realization of the transformation.

Key words: agricultural development, rural development, pattern transformation, multifunctional agriculture, Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB)