地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (11): 1430-1440.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.11.010

• 交通与产业 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江沿岸港口体系的形成过程与机制

曹有挥1,2(), 蒋自然1,3, 陈欢1,3, 吴威1,2, 梁双波1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
    2. 中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,南京 210008
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 出版日期:2015-11-25 发布日期:2015-11-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:曹有挥(1959-),男,江苏扬州人,研究员,主要从事区域经济与运输地理研究,E-mail: yhcao@niglas.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271136)

The evolution course and mechanism of the port system along the Yangtze River

Youhui CAO1,2(), Ziran JIANG1,3, Huan CHEN1,3, Wei WU1,2, Shuangbo LIANG1,2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2015-11-25 Published:2015-11-25

摘要:

长江沿岸港口体系是长江经济带的重要支撑。本文首先对自古以来长江沿岸港口体系的形成发展过程进行了科学实证,发现港口体系经历了“港口的起源与产生—港口体系萌芽—港口体系雏形—港口体系形成—港口体系升级”5个阶段。依据实证分析,对长江沿岸港口体系的形成机制进行了归纳演绎,认为相关港口对水水中转和陆水中转腹地的长期相互竞争是导致港口体系形成的主要机制,其中对水水中转腹地的竞争尤为关键,而港口对中转腹地的竞争随时间推移不断向更深层次更广领域推进。最后从政策层面,对长江沿岸港口体系和长江经济带综合运输体系建设的若干问题进行了讨伦。

关键词: 港口体系, 演化, 机制, 转型升级, 长江经济带

Abstract:

The Yangtze River port system is an important support for the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB). First, this article investigates the historical development of the Yangtze River port system. The results show that with the gradual overlapping of water transfer hinterlands and water-land transfer hinterlands, the port system has experienced five stages of development so far: the origin and emergence of the ports, the sprout of the port system, the preliminary formation of the port system, the final formation of the port system, and the upgrading of the port system. Based on empirical evidence, the article summarized the formation mechanism of the port system of the Yangtze River. It is believed that the main mechanism of the formation of the port system is the long-term competition for water transfer hinterlands and water-land transfer hinterlands, especially the competition for water transfer hinterlands. Competition of ports for transit hinterlands increasingly deepens and broadens over time. According to the basic pattern of the port system formation and development revealed by the theoretical and empirical research, policy discussions are put forward concerning the development of the Yangtze River port system and the comprehensive transportation system of the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

Key words: port system, evolution course, mechanism, transformation and upgrading, Yangtze River Economic Belt(YREB)