地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (11): 1345-1355.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.11.002

• 定位与战略 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江经济带建设的若干问题与建议

刘毅1,3(), 周成虎2,3, 王传胜1,3,*(), 孙贵艳1,3,4, 康蕾1,3,4, 方明1,3,4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    4. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 出版日期:2015-11-25 发布日期:2015-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 王传胜 E-mail:liuy@igsnrr.ac.cn;wangcs@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘毅(1958-),男,北京人,研究员,主要从事可持续发展研究,E-mail: liuy@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    2015年中国科学院学部咨询评议项目“长江经济带重大战略问题研究”

Issues and suggestions on the construction of the Yangtze River Economic Belt

Yi LIU1,3(), Chenghu ZHOU2,3, Chuansheng WANG1,3,*(), Guiyan SUN1,3,4, Lei KANG1,3,4, Ming FANG1,3,4   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2015-11-25 Published:2015-11-25
  • Contact: Chuansheng WANG E-mail:liuy@igsnrr.ac.cn;wangcs@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

建设长江经济带是现阶段、新常态下推进中国经济持续、稳定增长的重大战略举措之一。作为全国国土开发的一级轴线,长江经济带具有显著的区位优势、航运优势和相对完善的产业体系,2014年其经济总量占全国的45%左右。但与此同时,也面临着一些跨区域的重大问题,制约着长江经济带的未来发展。通过系统梳理改革开放以来长江经济带发展的主要特征,对长江轴线发展过程中面临的主要问题进行深入解剖,从经济增长、国土空间开发、航运建设、产业发展、资源环境、城镇化和体制机制等7个方面,提出了近期建设长江经济带的若干建议,供政府及学术界参考与讨论。

关键词: 一级轴线, 空间开发, 宏观政策, 长江经济带

Abstract:

At present, speeding up the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) is an important strategic measure for promoting the sustained and stable growth of the Chinese economy under the New Normal state. As the main axis of China's national territorial development, the Yangtze River Economic Belt has significant locational advantages, navigation and shipping advantages, and relatively complete industrial system, therefore the economy accounted for about 45% of the national total in 2014. At the same time, it also faces some major cross-regional issues, which will restrict its future development. By examining the main development characteristics of the Yangtze River Economic Belt since the reform and opening-up, this article analyzes the main issues that present in the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt with respect to economic growth, spatial development, shipping, industry, resources and environment, urbanization, and institutions. The main problems include slow economic growth, widening regional gaps, insufficient use of water transport, homogeneity of industrial structure, low urbanization level, lack of institutional arrangements for cross-regional issues and regional cooperation. The article also discusses the main short-term developmental strategies and measures of the Yangtze River Economic Belt in order to provide some references for the government and academic circles.

Key words: principal axis, spatial development, macropolicy, Yangtze River Economic Belt