地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (10): 1209-1218.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.10.001

• 气候变化 •    下一篇

城市空间形态应对气候变化研究进展及展望

崔胜辉1,2(), 徐礼来1,2, 黄云凤3, 黄葳1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院城市环境与健康重点实验室,中国科学院城市环境研究所,福建厦门361021
    2. 厦门市城市代谢重点实验室,福建厦门361021;3. 集美大学生物工程学院,福建厦门361021
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-01 接受日期:2015-08-01 出版日期:2015-10-20 发布日期:2015-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:崔胜辉(1973-),男,福建厦门人,研究员,主要从事城市生态过程与调控研究,E-mail: shcui@iue.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41371205);国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAC21B03)

Progress and prospect of study on urban spatial patterns to cope with climate change

Shenghui CUI1,2(), Lilai XU1,2, Yunfeng HUANG3, Wei HUANG1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, CAS, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China
    2. Xiamen Key Laboratory of Urban Metabolism, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China
    3. School of Biological Engineering, Jimei University, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China
  • Received:2015-05-01 Accepted:2015-08-01 Online:2015-10-20 Published:2015-10-20

摘要:

气候变化与城市化的叠加使城市成为温室气体减排和气候变化许多关键风险集中的区域,如何应对气候变化已成为城市面临的重大挑战。以空间形态作为切入点,开展城市应对气候变化研究日益成为城市环境与气候变化领域的发展前沿和热点问题。本文通过文献分析和归纳,综述了城市空间形态应对气候变化研究的主要影响及评估方法、城市空间形态与温室气体排放和气候变化主要风险之间的关系、空间形态应对策略以及规划应用研究。在此基础上,展望了未来的研究重点和方向。

关键词: 气候变化, 城市空间形态, 耦合关系, 减缓与适应, 城市规划

Abstract:

The overlay of climate change and urbanization leads cities to become the centers where greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction actions and key risks of climate change simultaneously occur. How to cope with climate change has been a huge challenge facing global cities. Conducting the study on coping with climate change based on urban spatial forms has increasingly become the frontier and hot topic of urban environment and climate change research. By analyzing and summarizing current literatures, this article reviews the core aspects and progress of study on urban spatial forms to cope with climate change, including key impacts of climate change and their assessment methods, relationships between urban forms and climate change including greenhouse gas emissions and key risks of climate change, coping strategies, and urban planning practices. Based on this, key issues for future research are put forward.

Key words: climate change, urban spatial form, the coupling relationship, mitigation and adaptation, urban planning