地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (8): 998-1008.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.08.007

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于面板数据的中国R&D投入对城镇化影响分析

何志超1(), 余兆武2,3,4*(), 伍博炜1   

  1. 1. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州 350007
    2. 中国科学院城市环境研究所城市环境与健康重点实验室,福建厦门 361021
    3.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    4. 哥本哈根大学地理科学与自然资源管理系,哥本哈根 1165
  • 出版日期:2015-08-25 发布日期:2015-08-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:何志超(1991-),男,福建漳州人,硕士研究生,主要从事城市与区域规划研究,E-mail: HE_ZChao@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171147);国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAC07B04)

Effect of China's R&D input on urbanization level based on panel data analysis

HE Zhichao1(), YU Zhaowu2,3,4,*(), WU Bowei1   

  1. 1. College of Geographical Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 35007, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, CAS, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049, China
    4. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen DK 1165, Denmark
  • Online:2015-08-25 Published:2015-08-25
  • Contact: YU Zhaowu E-mail:HE_ZChao@163.com;yzw900501@outlook.com

摘要:

利用中国30个省区2002-2012年R&D投入和城镇化水平的面板数据,通过单位根检验、协整性检验和面板数据模型,探讨中国R&D投入对地区城镇化发展水平的影响。结果表明:①中国各省区城镇化水平与R&D投入存在长期稳定关系,但城镇化水平的科技支撑基础仍处于较低水平,并且不同省区的R&D投入产出存在较大差异。②总体上看来,R&D人员投入产出弹性高于R&D经费投入,说明城镇化对R&D人员投入的依赖性更大。③R&D投入对城镇化的作用与其所处的城镇化阶段有关,同时,R&D投入与城镇化的协调度也是影响R&D投入产出的关键因素。④误差修正模型结果表明,R&D短期投入对城镇化的影响存在一定的滞后效应。

关键词: 城镇化水平, R&D投入, 面板数据, 中国

Abstract:

Based on the panel data of R&D input and the urbanization level from 2002 to 2012 in 30 provinces, the effect of China's R&D input on the urbanization level was analyzed by using the root test, co-integration test, and error correction model. Results show that: (1) There is a long-term stable relationship between China's R&D input and urbanization level. The impact of technological innovation on the level of urbanization, however, is still weak. In addition, there exist great gaps between the input-output elasticity of R&D in different provinces. (2) R&D personnel input-output elasticity is generally higher than that in R&D funds, which indicates that R&D personnel plays more important roles in urbanization of China. (3) The effect of R&D input on urbanization is related to the level of urbanization. Meanwhile, the coordination degree of R&D input and urbanization is also the key factor that influences R&D input and output. (4) The results of the error correction model indicate that there is a hysteresis effect in the influence of R&D short-term input on urbanization.

Key words: urbanization level, R&D input, panel date, China