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地理科学进展  2015, Vol. 34 Issue (8): 947-956    DOI: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.08.002
  城市地理 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
服务业区位选择的交通网络指向研究——以北京城市中心区为例
沈体雁1(),周麟1*(),王利伟2,吕永强3
1. 北京大学政府管理学院,北京100871
2 清华大学建筑学院,北京100084
3. 中国地质大学土地科学技术学院,北京100083
Traffic network point of services location choice:a case study of the central city area of Beijing
SHEN Tiyan1(),ZHOU Lin1,*(),WANG Liwei2,LV Yongqiang3
1. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
2. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3. School of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
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摘要 

基于空间句法、核密度估计和皮尔森相关分析等方法,以北京城市中心区为例,结合空间句法轴线模型与百度POI(Points of Interest)数据,探讨服务业区位选择的交通网络指向规律。结果表明:①北京城市中心区的交通网络总体呈现“东优西劣、北优南劣、西南最劣”的空间格局,高层级网络则呈现“中心环状集聚—外围多极分布”的分布模式。②与高穿行度交通网络相比,高整合度交通网络的区位指向性更强,在不同尺度均更易诱发服务业的集聚。③总体而言,服务业区位选择的交通网络指向性明显,但不同类型服务业的区位指向程度依据研究尺度的不同具有显著差异,并据此将25类主要服务业划分为街区指向型、街道指向型、双重指向型和无指向型四类。本文对探索服务业集聚发展规律、提高服务业和交通网络规划的科学性具有参考意义,并可为北京城市中心区服务业存量优化提供决策依据。

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沈体雁
周麟
王利伟
吕永强
关键词 服务业区位选择交通网络指向空间句法北京城市中心区    
Abstract

Using space syntax, kernel density estimation, and Pearson correlation analysis methods, this research combines the segment lines model of space syntax and Baidu POI data to explore the traffic network point of services location choice in the central city area of Beijing. The results indicate that (1) the traffic network is well connected, accessible, and dense in east and north, relatively poorly connected and sparse in west and south, and most poorly connected in southwest. The overall network shows the spatial pattern of annular agglomeration in the inner city and polycentric distribution in the periphery. (2) Compared to traffic network with high connectivity NACH(Normalised Angular Choice), traffic network with high level of integration NAIN (Normalised Angular Integration) has stronger level of point of services location choice and is more likely to induce agglomeration of services.(3) Traffic network point of services location choice is clear but the point levels of different services are remarkably different at different scales. Therefore, the services are divided into four types, including point at the neighborhood scale; point at the street scale; point at both scales, and nonpoint. This research provides some reference that facilities the understanding of services agglomeration and helps to improve services and traffic network planning and decision-making for optimizing urban structure of the central city area of Beijing.

Key wordsservices location choice    traffic network point    space syntax    Beijing    central city area
     出版日期: 2015-08-25
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(71473008);国家社科基金重大项目(13&ZD166)
引用本文:   
沈体雁,周麟,王利伟,吕永强. 服务业区位选择的交通网络指向研究——以北京城市中心区为例[J]. 地理科学进展, 2015, 34(8): 947-956.
SHEN Tiyan,ZHOU Lin,WANG Liwei,LV Yongqiang. Traffic network point of services location choice:a case study of the central city area of Beijing. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2015, 34(8): 947-956.
链接本文:  
http://www.progressingeography.com/CN/10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.08.002      或      http://www.progressingeography.com/CN/Y2015/V34/I8/947
Fig.1  研究区域
Fig.2  街区尺度交通网络分析
Fig.3  街道尺度交通网络分析
服务业类型 数量 RNACH RNACH1600 RNAIN RNAIN1600 SNACH/% SNACH1600/% SNAIN/% SNAIN1600/%
零售业 23327 0.56** 0.56** 0.60** 0.62** 56.33 57.01 60.90 64.35
餐饮业 12290 0.55** 0.55** 0.61** 0.58** 52.02 51.42 54.09 54.58
居民服务业 8091 0.65** 0.66** 0.72** 0.70** 48.64 48.68 47.95 50.57
商务服务业 4091 0.32** 0.31** 0.40** 0.36** 41.36 37.50 53.75 45.45
货币金融服务 4039 0.34** 0.33** 0.42** 0.41** 57.20 54.97 62.22 60.14
住宿业 3997 0.61** 0.61** 0.63** 0.68** 42.69 42.24 44.58 45.00
教育 3221 0.48** 0.48** 0.47** 0.40** 38.54 38.12 36.54 38.79
娱乐业 2738 0.57** 0.58** 0.62** 0.64** 48.58 50.10 50.62 50.66
房地产业 1796 0.47** 0.47** 0.54** 0.51** 52.93 53.25 53.95 54.70
基层群众自治组织 1720 0.63** 0.63** 0.66** 0.70** 27.38 25.71 32.10 31.93
国家机构 1675 0.42** 0.41** 0.45** 0.51** 40.77 40.53 42.54 47.49
卫生 1441 0.57** 0.57** 0.62** 0.64** 42.78 41.28 44.21 47.40
文化艺术业 1213 0.59** 0.58** 0.58** 0.61** 38.25 36.37 40.29 38.64
电信、广播电视和卫星传输服务 1144 0.31** 0.29** 0.36** 0.32** 55.16 50.74 62.37 55.25
群众团体、社会团体和其他成员组织 1137 0.48** 0.47** 0.50** 0.52** 37.87 36.30 40.48 40.21
机动车、电子产品和日用产品修理业 885 0.17* 0.16* 0.22* 0.22* 49.58 49.24 45.21 46.96
研究和试验发展 800 0.21* 0.20* 0.17* 0.09* 41.65 41.78 41.40 37.84
新闻和出版业 571 0.45** 0.44** 0.45** 0.44** 41.97 41.70 43.12 44.31
体育 551 0.57** 0.58** 0.62** 0.65** 43.27 40.98 43.80 45.56
邮政业 516 0.18* 0.19* 0.22* 0.22* 43.65 40.65 44.02 45.33
广播、电视、电影和影视录音制作业 475 0.37** 0.30** 0.37* 0.35* 41.89 39.88 50.37 45.72
社会工作 306 0.38** 0.38** 0.40** 0.45** 24.28 24.28 25.59 30.16
保险业 243 0.29** 0.28** 0.35** 0.36** 40.51 38.69 50.53 49.08
国际组织 238 0.01* 0.06* 0.08* 0.06* 32.20 23.41 39.61 41.93
资本市场服务 238 0.21* 0.19* 0.25* 0.26* 46.47 45.84 58.66 57.30
Tab.1  服务业区位选择与交通网络的关系
Fig.4  街区尺度交通网络指向
Fig.5  街道尺度交通网络指向
Fig.6  基于交通网络指向规律的服务业分类
Fig.7  服务业区位选择示意图
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