地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 676-686.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.06.003

• 城市与交通地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于复杂性理论的城市经济网络研究进展与展望

郑蔚   

  1. 福建师范大学经济学院,福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2014-11-01 修回日期:2015-03-01 出版日期:2015-06-15 发布日期:2015-06-15
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:郑蔚(1981-),女,浙江宁波人,副教授,博士,主要从事区域与城市发展研究,E-mail: zw99028@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301131);福建省社科规划项目(2014C092)

Research progress and development trend in urban economic network study based on complexity theory

Wei ZHENG   

  1. School of Economics, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2014-11-01 Revised:2015-03-01 Online:2015-06-15 Published:2015-06-15

摘要:

城市经济网络的研究借鉴了复杂性理论的分析方法,能更细致地刻画城市网络的空间格局。现有的大量研究仍沿袭城市体系空间结构的思路,注重城市的竞争和位序关系以及城市网络的中心性,未能充分体现城市经济网络和城市体系空间格局的差异。本文通过对基本文献的梳理,从复杂性理论的视角将城市经济网络研究的发展历程分为3个阶段:20世纪40年代前的基础理论构建阶段;50-90年代的发展创新突破阶段以及21世纪以来的多元繁荣发展阶段。目前,城市经济网络研究的热点领域包括城市经济的拓扑结构和空间拟合、全球城市联系的范围测算和质量评价;城市经济网络结构的动力学影响以及城市经济网络的安全管控和功能优化。未来要关注大数据时代的数据整合和挖掘,构建城市经济网络的整体研究框架。

关键词: 城市经济网络, 复杂网络, 世界城市, 安全管控

Abstract:

Study on urban economic network benefits from the rapid development of complex network research to depict the spatial pattern of urban economic activities more accurately. But a large number of studies still follow the spatial structure of urban system approach, which concerns competition, ranking, and centrality but not cooperation, equality, and connectivity. This article divides the urban economic network research into three stages with regard to complexity theory: (1) initial and theoretical development stage before the 1940s; (2) innovation and breakthrough stage from the 1950s to the 1990s; and (3) diversification and prosperity stage since the beginning of the 21st century. The current focus areas of urban economic network study cover topological structure and spatial coupling of urban economic network, connectivity measurement and quality evaluation in world city network, dynamic effect of urban economic network structure, and safety control and functional optimization in the future. It is very important to pay close attention to data integration and mining in the age of big data to build the research framework of urban economic network.

Key words: urban economic network, complex network, world city, safety control