地理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 67-77.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2015.01.008

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基于投入产出方法的中国省域产业生态补偿研究

刘春腊1,2,3(), 刘卫东2, 陆大道2, 唐志鹏2,**()   

  1. 1. 湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院,长沙 410081
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 出版日期:2016-01-31 发布日期:2016-01-31
  • 通讯作者: 唐志鹏 E-mail:liuchunla111@163.com;tangzp@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘春腊(1985-),男,湖南衡阳人,博士,主要研究方向为经济地理与区域发展,E-mail: liuchunla111@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41125005);中国科学院科技服务网络计划项目(KFJ-EW-STS-003);湖南省人居环境学研究基地开放基金项目(RJ14K04);湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目(15YBA273);湖南省重点学科地理学建设项目(2011001)

Inter-provincial industry eco-compensation in China based on input-output method

Chunla LIU1,2,3(), Weidong LIU2, Dadao LU2, Zhipeng TANG2,*()   

  1. 1. Department of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2016-01-31 Published:2016-01-31
  • Contact: Zhipeng TANG E-mail:liuchunla111@163.com;tangzp@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41125005;Science and Technology Service Network Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KFJ-EW-STS-003;Open Fund Project of Hunan Provincial Key Research Base of Social Sciences for Human Settlements, No.RJ14K04;Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of Hunan Province, No.15YBA273;The Key Discipline of Hunan Province Geography Construction Project, No.2011001

摘要:

基于区域关联的视角,构建了省域生态补偿框架。运用投入产出方法,在2010年中国区域间投入产出表的基础上,以2010年统计数据为例,对中国省域间产业的土地资源占用量进行了测算。研究结果表明:①农林牧渔业大多属于被占用型产业,农业的发展应得到补偿;②工业属于占用型产业,应付出一定的生态资源补偿费;③建筑业在消费、投资情境下,属于占用型产业;在出口情境下,省域差异较大;④交通运输及仓储业,在消费和投资情境下,大多为占用型产业;而在出口情境下,省域差异较大;⑤批发零售业大多为占用型产业,应该承担生态补偿的责任;⑥其他服务业在消费情景下,大多为占用型产业;而出口和投资情景下,则大多为被占用型产业。最后,从加强产业生态补偿的立法、完善产业生态补偿的税收手段等方面,提出了相关政策建议。

关键词: 占用, 被占用, 投入产出, 产业, 土地资源, 生态补偿

Abstract:

Based on a geographical view of regional inter-connectedness, this study developed an analytical framework of provincial eco-compensation in China by industrial sectors. Input-output method was used to calculate the inter-provincial land resources consumption balance by industrial sectors and analyze inter-provincial industry eco-compensation based on the 2010 statistical data of China’s inter-provincial input-output data table. The results show that: (1) Farming, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishery are mostly the "occupied industries" where their ecological resources, land resources in particular, were used for the development of other industrial sectors. Therefore agriculture sector should receive eco-compensation. (2) Manufacturing industries "occupy" the ecological resources of other sectors and should pay for eco-compensation. (3) The construction sector, in the investment and consumption analyses, is primarily an "occupy" industry, but in the export analysis, there were great provincial differences. (4) The transportation and storage sector, in investment and consumption analyses, is mainly an "occupy" industry, but in the export analysis, there were also great provincial differences. (5) Wholesale and retail trade are mostly an "occupy" industry and should have the obligation to pay for eco-compensation. (6) Other services, in consumption analysis, are mostly an "occupy" industry but in the investment and export analyses, they are mostly an "occupied" industry where resources were taken by other industries and therefore should receive compensation. This paper puts forward policy recommendations for eco-compensation, including strengthening the legislation in industrial eco-compensation, improving taxation means in eco-compensation of industries, among others.

Key words: occupy, occupied, input-output, industry, land resources, eco-compensation