地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 598-605.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2015.05.008

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中国与“一带一路”沿线国家贸易格局及其经济贡献

邹嘉龄1,2,3, 刘春腊1,2,3, 尹国庆1,2,3, 唐志鹏1,2,,A;*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-01 修回日期:2015-05-01 出版日期:2015-06-17 发布日期:2015-06-17
  • 通讯作者: 唐志鹏 E-mail:tangzp@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:邹嘉龄(1990-),男,江西抚州人,博士生,主要从事区域联系研究,Email: zoujl.12b@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71441034)

Spatial patterns and economic effects of China's trade with countries along the Belt and Road

Jialing ZOU1,2,3, Chunla LIU1,2,3, Guoqing YIN1,2,3, Zhipeng TANG1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-04-01 Revised:2015-05-01 Online:2015-06-17 Published:2015-06-17
  • Contact: Zhipeng TANG E-mail:tangzp@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

“五通”(即政策沟通、设施联通、贸易畅通、资金融通、民心相通)是“一带一路”对外合作战略的重点。中国各省(市、区)对“一带一路”沿线国家的出口,是“贸易畅通、资金融通”等的主要内容。本文根据最新的国际贸易中心统计数据、2014年中国海关统计数据以及2010年30省区市区域间投入产出表,分析了中国与“一带一路”沿线国家的贸易相互依赖关系以及中国各省(市、区)出口对其经济增长的贡献。结果表明,中国与“一带一路”沿线国家间的贸易依赖程度加深,同时呈现出不对称性;进一步从省(市、区)域层面来看,沿海省份对“一带一路”沿线国家的出口对其GDP增长的贡献较高,新疆对中亚5国的贸易对其GDP增长的贡献非常高,对中亚5国的出口有着很强的依赖性。

关键词: “一带一路”, 出口, 贸易依赖, 经济贡献, 中国

Abstract:

Policy coordination, facilities connectivity, unimpeded trade, financial integration, and people-to-people bond are the focus of international cooperation of the "Belt and Road Initiative". Exports of the provinces in China to the "Belt and Road Initiative" area is the main content of the "Unimpeded trade and Financial integration," but research on trade between China and countries in the "Belt and Road Initiative" area are relatively rare, and trade interdependence remains unclear. According to the latest data from the International Trade Center, Chinese customs statistics in 2014, and Multi-regional Input-Output Table of China's 30 provinces in 2010, we analyzed the trade interdependence between China and countries of the "Belt and Road Initiative" area, and the contribution of provincial export to the GDP of each province. The results show that: trade interdependence had deepen between China and countries of the "Belt and Road Initiative" area, but the interdependence was asymmetrical; at the provincial level, the relatively high GDP contribution of exports in coastal provinces shows that these provinces are more export-dependent. Xinjiang has the highest GDP contribution of export (to Central Asia)and is thus strongly export dependent.

Key words: the Belt and Road Initiative, export, trade interdependence, economic contribution, China