地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 581-588.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2015.05.006

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丝绸之路经济带国际集装箱陆路运输的经济适应范围

莫辉辉1, 王姣娥2,3(), 宋周莺2,3   

  1. 1. 中国民航科学技术研究院,北京 100028
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-01 修回日期:2015-05-01 出版日期:2015-06-17 发布日期:2015-06-17
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:莫辉辉(1979-),男,湖南衡南人,副研究员,博士,研究方向为交通与区域发展,E-mail: huihuimo@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71441035)

Economically suitable areas of China's transnational container transport by land in the Silk Road Economic Belt

Huihui MO1, Jiaoe WANG2,3(), Zhouying SONG2,3   

  1. 1. China Academy of Civil Aviation Science and Technology, Beijing 100028, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-04-01 Revised:2015-05-01 Online:2015-06-17 Published:2015-06-17

摘要:

丝绸之路经济带国际集装箱陆路运输规模与日俱增,其中铁路在陆路运输中占据重要地位。研究分析了丝绸之路经济带内中国国际集装箱运输现状,建立了多式联运竞争的分析模型,并利用调研收集的数据对以重庆和西安为起点的国际集装箱陆路运输经济适应区域进行了定量分析。结果表明,受海运价格的影响,中亚地区、蒙古国及俄罗斯的西伯利亚区、乌拉尔区、伏尔加河沿岸区和中央联邦区是丝绸之路经济带铁路运输的比较优势区域,乌克兰、白俄罗斯、波兰及俄罗斯的西北联邦区、南方联邦区等是优势扩展区,而欧洲和亚洲其他大部分区域的海运(海陆联运)优势远大于铁路联运。

关键词: 丝绸之路经济带, 集装箱, 陆路运输, 铁路, 经济适应范围

Abstract:

China's transnational container transport by land in the Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) has increased quickly, and rail is the most important method for land transport. By analyzing the current transnational container transport between China and other countries in the SREB, we first build a simulation model for multimodal transport competition, and then examine the economically suitable areas for China's transnational container transport by rail and maritime transport based on travel distance, travel time, and transport cost. The results show that Central Asia, Mongolia, and the central and eastern areas of Russia have comparative advantages for transnational container transport by rail as compared to maritime transport. To Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, and the western areas of Russia, transnational container transport by rail has relative comparative advantages. Meanwhile, maritime transport (or sea-land intermodal transport) costs less than rail transport from China to most of the remaining areas of Europe and Asia.

Key words: Silk Road Economic Belt, container, land transport, rail, economically suitable area