地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 554-562.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2015.05.003

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“一带一路”与中国对外航空运输联系

王姣娥1,2(), 王涵1,2,3, 焦敬娟1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-01 修回日期:2015-05-01 出版日期:2015-06-17 发布日期:2015-06-17
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王姣娥(1981-),女,湖南涟源人,副研究员,博士,研究方向为交通地理与区域发展,E-mail: wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71441035,41371143)

China's international aviation transport to the Belt and Road Initiative area

Jiaoe WANG1,2(), Han WANG1,2,3, Jingjuan JIAO1,2,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-04-01 Revised:2015-05-01 Online:2015-06-17 Published:2015-06-17

摘要:

基础设施互联互通是降低贸易成本、增强国际联系、构建“一带一路”的基本条件。建设国际航空网络与陆路运输通道、海上航运通道,共同组成“一带一路”交通基础设施互联互通的基础。基于2014年的OAG计划数据,本文重点分析了中国与“一带一路”沿线国家的国际航空运输联系空间格局,并运用枢纽度模型识别国际航空枢纽。研究表明:①中国与“一带一路”沿线国家的航空客运联系广度和强度均高于货运,其中国际客运联系集中在泰国、俄罗斯和新加坡等国,而国际货运联系则主要集中在俄罗斯;②中国对外航空网络格局总体上表现为“轴—辐”与“点—点”模式并存;③上海、北京和广州为中国面向“一带一路”沿线国家的国际航空客运枢纽机场,上海同时还是国际航空货运枢纽。

关键词: “一带一路”, 国际航空运输, 空间格局, 枢纽

Abstract:

The Belt and Road Initiative aims to promote the connectivity of Asian, European, and African continents and adjacent seas and establish and strengthen partnerships among the countries along the Belt and Road Initiative area. The construction of international air transport network and land transport and maritime shipping corridors constitutes the three basic parts of transportation infrastructure and connectivity. This article employs the OAG (formerly Official Airline Guide) flight schedule data of 2014 to first analyze the spatial pattern of international air linkages between China and the other 64 countries in the Belt and Road Initiative area, and then identify China's international hub airports and sub-regional hubs based on the graph theory model. The results indicate that: (1) the coverage and intensity of international air passenger linkages is broader and higher than that of air cargo linkages. China's international air passenger linkages mainly focus on Thailand, Russia, and Singapore; while cargo linkages are primarily with Russia; (2) both the international air and cargo linkages show the "hub-spoke" and "point to point" patterns; (3) among the domestic airports, international air linkages are concentrated in only a few. Shanghai, Beijing, and Guangzhou are identified as the international air passenger hubs and Shanghai as the international cargo hub to the Belt and Road Initiative area.

Key words: the Belt and Road Initiative, air transport linkage, spatial pattern, hub