地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 545-553.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2015.05.002

• • 上一篇    下一篇

“一带一路”战略对中国国土开发空间格局的影响

刘慧1,2, 叶尔肯.吾扎提1,2,3, 王成龙1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-01 修回日期:2015-05-01 出版日期:2015-06-17 发布日期:2015-06-17
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘慧(1964-),女,陕西兴平人,研究员,主要从事区域发展研究,E-mail: liuh@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71441036)

Impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative on the spatial pattern of territory development in China

Hui LIU1,2, Wuzhati YEERKEN1,2,3, Chenglong WANG1,2,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-04-01 Revised:2015-05-01 Online:2015-06-17 Published:2015-06-17

摘要:

“一带一路”是今后相当长一段时间中国全面对外开放的总体方略。建设“一带一路”已成为中国长期的国家战略,必将对中国国土开发空间格局产生重要影响。在分析中国国土开发空间格局现状特点的基础上,从全方位对外开放、互联互通基础设施条件改善、能源供应系统的变化、贸易畅通和人文交流与合作等几个方面探讨了“一带一路”战略对国土开发空间格局的影响途径和方式。重点论述了陆上国际经济合作走廊建设、海上国际大通道建设等“一带一路”具体行动对区域国土开发的影响。研究结果表明:①“一带一路”战略对国土空间格局将产生重要影响,不同国际经济走廊影响的重点区域不同,有助于促进均衡国土空间的形成;②“一带一路”战略将促进内陆地区形成若干个大都市经济区和内陆开放型经济高地,同时,强化与“一带一路”国际大通道相对接的国内开发轴线的地位和作用,形成全方位对外开放的国土空间格局;③“一带一路”战略将进一步增强沿海地区的国际竞争力,形成“高效”的国土空间;④“一带一路”战略将加快内陆沿边地区主要口岸和沿边城市的发展,使沿边地区成为重要的国土开发新空间。

关键词: “一带一路”, 国土开发, 国际经济走廊, 内陆开放高地, 中国

Abstract:

The "Belt and Road Initiative" is and will continue to be an overall strategy of China's all round opening-up for a long time into the future. The building of the "Belt and Road" has become a long term national strategy for China, which will have great impacts on the spatial pattern of China's territory development. Based on an analysis of the current characteristics of the spatial pattern of China's territory development, this study examines the influence of the "Belt and Road Initiative" on the spatial pattern of China's territory development with regard to the all round opening-up, improvement of facilities connectivity, changes of energy supply system, trade, and social and culture exchanges. The "Belt and Road Initiative" emphasizes international facilities connectivity and all-dimensional opening-up including in the coastal, border, and inland areas. Based on the great international transport and economic corridors proposed by the Chinese government in the "Vision and Action on Jointly Building Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road," this article mainly analyzes the impacts of different international economic corridors on territory development in different regions. The main results are as follows. (1) The "Belt and Road Initiative" will have great impacts on the spatial pattern of China's territory development. Although different international economic corridors influence different regions, the western region of China will benefit the most from the "Belt and Road Initiative", which conduces to shape an equitable territory development. (2) The "Belt and Road Initiative" will facilitate the formation of several metropolitan economic areas and economically highly developed areas in the inland area that open to the outside, such as Xi'an, Chengdu, Chongqing, Urumqi, Kunming, Nanning, Wuhan, Zhengzhou, and so on. These areas will form an all round opening-up territory development pattern. (3) The "Belt and Road Initiative" will provide more economic hinterland for the coastal areas' industrial structure upgrading and economic development, which will strengthen the coastal areas' international competitiveness and help to form a high efficiency territory development pattern. (4) The "Belt and Road Initiative" will accelerate the development of port of entry and inland border cities, such as Dongxing, Ruili, Manzhouli, Erenhot, Khorgas, and promote the development of cross-border economic cooperation areas based on successful implementation of the Khorgas cross-border economic cooperation area, which will drive the development of border areas that will become an important region for territory development.

Key words: the Belt and Road Initiative, territory development, international economic corridors, inland economically highly developed area, China