地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 257-.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2015.02.014

• • 上一篇    

河南省城镇化质量空间格局演变

何孝沛1,2(), 梁阁3, 丁志伟1,2, 王发曾1,2()   

  1. 1. 河南大学环境与规划学院,河南 开封 475004
    2. 河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心,河南 开封 475004
    3. 中原经济区“三化”协调发展河南省协同创新中心, 郑州 450046
  • 出版日期:2015-03-23 发布日期:2015-03-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:何孝沛(1989-),女,河南漯河人,硕士研究生,研究方向为城市—区域综合发展,E-mail: hxpei0326@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    河南省政府决策招标课题项目(2014190/2014207)

Spatial evolution of the urbanization quality in Henan Province

Xiaopei HE1,2(), Ge LIANG3, Zhiwei DING1,2, Fazeng WANG1,2()   

  1. 1. College of Environment and Planning Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
    2. Henan Collaborative Innovation Center for Coordinating Industrialization, Urbanization and Agriculture Modernization in Central Economic Zone, Zhengzhou 450046, China
    3. Center for Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
  • Online:2015-03-23 Published:2015-03-23

摘要:

从经济发展、居民生活、可持续发展、城乡统筹和社会发展5个方面出发,构建城镇化质量综合评价体系,运用熵值法对2003-2012年河南省省辖市城镇化质量进行综合测度,并对其空间演变原因进行分析。结果表明:①河南省省辖市城镇化质量总体上呈逐年上升态势,但发展不够稳定;②城镇化质量空间格局受原有格局的影响较大,相对较高等级区域位于郑州及河南西北部地区空间格局变化不大,城镇化质量空间格局变动主要在相对第三、第四与第五等级之间;③城镇化质量空间格局变化的根本原因在于各省辖市间衡量城镇化质量5个方面的发展速度不同,其中经济发展、居民生活和城乡统筹的发展速度相对较为一致,社会发展和可持续发展质量的发展速度差别较大。依据分析结果提出:要积极稳妥地推进新型城镇化的发展,更多地关注可持续发展和城乡统筹发展这两个相对薄弱环节,针对不同省辖市城镇化质量区别对待,因地制宜,促进河南省新型城镇化的健康、稳定、持续发展。

关键词: 城镇化质量, 空间格局, 演变分析, 河南

Abstract:

Urbanization quality not only concerns the development of cities, but also the development of rural areas; not only economic development, land resources development, and population growth, but also equality, efficiency of development, and sustainability. Urbanization quality reflects the overall urban development levels of urban areas. This study constructed the appraisal index system of urbanization quality based on five sets of indicators, including economic development, quality of living, sustainable development, integrated urban-rural development, and social development. Using the method of entropy analysis, urbanization quality of 18 cities in Henan Province from 2003 to 2012 was measured, and the driving factors of its spatial evolution was analyzed. Main conclusions of this study include: (1) Urbanization quality in Henan Province showed an overall upward trend but it varied in different time periods for some cities. (2) Spatial pattern of the urbanization quality largely remained unchanged since 2003. High urbanization quality areas experienced only moderate change in spatial pattern and these areas are mainly located in the northwest of Henan Province, including Zhengzhou. Change of spatial pattern of urbanization quality mainly occurred in areas with lower urbanization quality, in grades III, IV, and V regions. (3) The cause of disparity in the change of spatial patterns of urbanization quality in Henan Province mainly lies in the different speed of development of the five aspects of urbanization quality. Quality of living, integrated urban-rural development, and economic development progressed with similar speed, but differences in the speed of progress in sustainable development and social development were greater. Based on the assessment result we recommend that urban development in Henan Province should focus more on the quality of urbanization instead of solely on the quantity of development; new types of urban development should be pursued actively and steadily; and cities with different urbanization quality should be treated differently in urban development planning. More attention should be focused on the two relatively weak development aspects, that is, sustainability and integrated urban-rural development, in order to promote healthy urban development in the province. In future studies, we will add city management to the appraisal index system of urbanization quality. The unit of analysis will be disaggregated to the county level for a more clear understanding of urbanization quality.

Key words: urbanization quality, spatial pattern, evolution analysis, Henan Province