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PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY
 
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地理科学进展  2015, Vol. 34 Issue (2): 175-184    DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2015.02.006
  碳排放与气候 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
中国避暑型气候的地域类型及其时空分布特征
陈慧1,闫业超1,岳书平1,孟冰祥2,王喜元1
1.南京信息工程大学地理与遥感学院,南京210044;
2.福建省古田县气象局,福建古田352200
Types of summer comfortable climate in China and their temporal and spatial distribution
CHEN Hui1, YAN Yechao1, YUE Shuping1, MENG Bingxiang2, WANG Xiyuan1
1. College of Geography & Remote Sensing, Nanjing University of Information Science&Technology, Nanjing 210044, China;
2. Gutian Meteorological Administration, Gutian 352200, Fujian, China
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摘要 由于中国各地纬度、地形及海陆位置的地域差异,形成了多种多样的避暑型气候。本文采用1993-2012年756个国家基本站和122个辐射站逐日气象数据,基于通用热气候指数(UTCI)模型计算各气象站点的人体感知温度,结合聚类分析方法对避暑型气候的地域类型进行了研究,并对其空间分布、时间变化和舒适特征进行了分析。结果表明:中国避暑型气候主要包括西南高原型、中东部山岳型、东北山地平原型、西北山地高原型和环渤海低山丘陵型5种地域类型;各类避暑型气候具有显著的地域特色:西南高原型避暑气候纬度低、海拔高,太阳辐射较强;中东部山岳型避暑气候地势高、风速大,夏季舒适偏冷;环渤海低山丘陵型避暑气候地势低、湿度大,夏季舒适偏热且舒适度受海风影响明显;西北山地高原型避暑气候温度适宜、天气晴朗,但略显干燥;东北山地平原型避暑气候凉爽、风速不大、辐射不强、湿度适中,综合条件相对优越。从各类避暑型气候夏季人体感知温度的变化来看,环渤海低山丘陵型舒适期较短,其余类型舒适期相对较长,东北山地平原型和西北山地高原型人体感知温度曲线呈良好的单峰对称变化,其余类型大致呈单峰不对称形态。本文不仅丰富了避暑型气候研究的理论成果,而且也可为避暑型旅游资源的开发与规划提供科学依据,进一步指导人们的避暑旅游活动。
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王喜元
陈慧
闫业超
岳书平
孟冰祥
关键词 避暑型气候地域类型人体感知温度时空分布通用热气候指数中国    
Abstract:Geographical differences in latitude, topography, and distance to the sea lead to a variety of summer comfortable climate types in China. Using daily data from 756 national basic stations and 122 radiation stations in China during 1993-2012, human-perceived temperature is calculated using the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). Combined with cluster analysis method, this study analyzed summer comfortable climate types as well as their spatial distribution, temporal variation, and characteristics of comfort. The results show that summer comfortable climate types in China include Southwest Plateau type, Central-Eastern Mountain type, Bohai Hilly type, Northeast Mountain-Plain type, and Northwest Mountain-Plateau type. On the Southwest Plateau, with a low latitude and high altitude, solar radiation is strong; the Central-Eastern Mountain area is comfortable and slightly cold in the summer due to high elevation and wind speed; the Bohai Hilly area is influenced distinctly by the sea breeze and is slightly hot with high humidity; the Northwest Mountain-Plateau has a pleasant temperature and sunny weather although slightly dry. Comparatively, conditions in the Northeast Mountain-Plain are the most favorable because of the cool climate and low wind speed, weak solar radiation, and moderate humidity. Based on the temporal variation of human-perceived temperature during the summer, the comfortable period of the Bohai Hilly is short but the others are relatively long. The human-perceived temperature curves of the Northeast Mountain-Plain and the Northwest Mountain-Plateau areas show a single peak with symmetric distribution while the others present a roughly single peak with asymmetrical shape. The result of this study has further enriched the results of summer comfortable climate research and provides a scientific basis for the development and planning of summer tourist resources. It can also serve as a guide to summer tourism activities.
Key wordsChina    human-perceived temperature    regional types    summer comfortable climate    temporal and spatial distribution    Universal Thermal Climate Index
     出版日期: 2015-03-24
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(40901062)
通讯作者: 闫业超(1979-),男,山东枣庄人,副教授,主要从事地理信息分析与应用研究,E-mail: yanyechao@163.com。   
作者简介: 陈慧(1989-),女,江苏连云港人,硕士研究生,主要从事GIS在气象与气候学中的应用研究,E-mail:chen.hui999@163.com。
引用本文:   
陈慧, 闫业超, 岳书平, 孟冰祥, 王喜元. 中国避暑型气候的地域类型及其时空分布特征[J]. 地理科学进展, 2015, 34(2): 175-184.
CHEN Hui, YAN Yechao, YUE Shuping, MENG Bingxiang, WANG Xiyuan. Types of summer comfortable climate in China and their temporal and spatial distribution. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2015, 34(2): 175-184.
链接本文:  
http://www.progressingeography.com/CN/10.11820/dlkxjz.2015.02.006      或      http://www.progressingeography.com/CN/Y2015/V34/I2/175
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