地理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 129-131.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2015.02.001

• •    下一篇

全空间地理信息系统展望

周成虎()   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 出版日期:2015-03-23 发布日期:2015-03-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周成虎(1964-),男,江苏淮安人,中国科学院院士,主要从事地理信息系统研究,E-mail: zhouch@lreis.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171307)

Prospects on pan-spatial information system

Chenghu ZHOU()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciencesand Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Online:2015-03-23 Published:2015-03-23

摘要:

地理信息系统作为一门空间科学,以其独特的空间观点和空间思维,从空间相互联系和相互作用出发,揭示各种事物与现象的空间分布特征和动态变化规律。本文从地理信息系统所研究的空间对象出发,对地理信息系统发展新方向提出思考:①从地球空间拓展到宇宙空间,需要构建宇心坐标系和宇宙GIS、月球GIS等;②从室外空间延伸到室内空间,需要发展室内GIS,并拓展到水下空间和地下空间;③从宏观到微观空间,可以发展面向游戏的体育GIS、面向生命健康管理的人体GIS等;④面向大数据时代,发展大数据空间解析的理论和方法,贡献于大数据科学的发展。

关键词: 地理信息系统, 宇宙GIS, 室内GIS, 人体GIS, 体育竞技GIS

Abstract:

As a spatial science, Geographical Information System (GIS) is characterized by its distinctive spatial thinking and perspectives. With a focus on spatial interrelations and interactions, GIS can be used to reveal the spatial distribution patterns and dynamic changes of objects, events, and phenomena. This article outlines the future prospects of the development of GIS based on the understanding of the spatial objects that it studies. Universal GIS with universal coordinate system will be developed when the study objects is the universe. Indoor GIS is to be studied and developed in case that GIS is applied to the indoor space where we spend about 80% of our time. GISs for underground and aqua-spaces also need to be developed since our activities have extended into solid earth such as shopping malls in subway stations and open water such as marine fishery. GIS is also useful when we deal with spatial issues involving micro-scale spaces such as sport fields or human body, therefore human GIS and sports GIS that describes and models sports activities will come into being. The coming of age of big data has created a new opportunity for the development of GIS. Spatial thinking and analysis will contribute greatly to the resolution of big data mining, even big data science.

Key words: geographical information system, universal GIS, indoor GIS, human GIS, sports GIS