地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 1452-1461.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.11.003

• 旅游与文化地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

文化地理学视角下的声景研究及相关进展

刘爱利1, 刘福承1, 邓志勇2, 刘敏3, 姚长宏1   

  1. 1. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院, 北京 100048;
    2. 首都师范大学音乐学院, 北京 100048;
    3. 北京联合大学旅游学院, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-01 修回日期:2014-10-01 出版日期:2014-11-25 发布日期:2014-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 邓志勇(1978-), 广西柳州人, 讲师, 主要从事声景学与音乐声学研究, E-mail:dzy@cnu.edu.cn E-mail:dzy@cnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘爱利(1981-), 山东莱芜人, 讲师, 主要从事旅游地理与旅游声景研究, E-mail:beyondtour@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(41401156);中国国家旅游局规划重点项目(13TACK004);北京市教委科技计划面上项目(KM201310028013);北京市社会科学与自然科学协同创新基地项目(2013SZJD005);北京市市属高等学校高层次人才引进与培养计划项目(IDHT201304075)

Progress in soundscape studies from the perspective of cultural geography

LIU Aili1, LIU Fucheng1, DENG Zhiyong2, LIU Min3, YAO Changhong1   

  1. 1. College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China;
    2. College of Music, Capital Normal University, Beijing 10048, China;
    3. Tourism Institute of Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2014-05-01 Revised:2014-10-01 Online:2014-11-25 Published:2014-11-25

摘要: 声景是文化景观的重要构成,在塑造地域文化个性、培育地方身份认知、确立居民地方感知等方面,具有特殊价值和独特优势.随着声景理念的不断推广,基于地理学视角对声景时空特征、空间意义和社会文化关联等方面的研究,不仅拓展和深化了文化地理学的研究内容,而且促进了地理学与声景学跨学科研究的融合发展.本文在对声景概念进行简单介绍的基础上,从声景的时空分异特征、声景与地方感知、声景与居民福祉、声景的社会文化关联、声景的地理实践应用、特殊音乐声景的地理学研究等6 个方面,对文化地理学视角下的声景研究进行了系统的回顾和梳理,并以此构建了地理学视角下声景研究的逻辑框架.在此基础上,对比分析了国内外地理学视角下声景研究的特点和差异.国内文化地理学以音乐现象为主要基点,并逐渐扩展到音乐之外的其他声音类型;国外学者在音乐地理学之外,相对系统地采纳了声景学的理念和方法,拓展了地理学视角下声景研究的方法和路径.研究结果对拓展文化地理学的研究内容,实现基于声景为研究对象的地理学与其他学科的融合发展具有一定意义.

关键词: 地方感, 福祉, 感官地理, 声景(声音景观), 文化地理学

Abstract: With the development of cultural geography, sensory geography represented by soundscape and auditory geography has become an important subfield of cultural geography. However, reviews of related research show that sound phenomenon and soundscape have not been paid enough attention by cultural geographers. Out of the need of research of cultural geography on sound phenomenon and soundscape, this article introduces the concept and related framework of "soundscape" to expand the perspective of cultural geography. The article first elaborates on the significance of studying sound phenomenon and soundscape by reviewing the previous research of cultural geography both within China and abroad. Three temporal and spatial characteristics of sound phenomenon are identified: (1) Sound is produced in certain place and on certain time spot; (2) Sound is broadcast and distributed from one space to another, therefore, spatiality is one of sound's inherent attributes; (3) Sound together with the environment in which it exists forms a certain cultural symbiosis phenomenon, which means sound could reflect the social and cultural meanings of local communities and regions. Second, related literature of soundscape studies is reviewed from the perspective of cultural geography in six aspects. Third, distinctive differences are identified in sound research between Chinese and Western scholars. Chinese scholars mainly use music geography as a theoretical basis to conduct studies on sound phenomenon, while Western scholars borrow the concept of soundscape to analyze relationships among sound, listeners, and the native environment that produces sound. Bearing these differences in mind, this article makes a systematic review of literature on soundscape, with the hope of providing detailed and effective guidance on future Chinese study on sound phenomenon under the framework of soundscape. The conclusions of this article include two parts: (1) Sensory geography including hearing, smell, touch, memory, and so on will become an important subfields of cultural geography. The innovation of research subjects, perspectives, and methodologies of sensory geography will ultimately facilitate the enrichment of cultural geography's theoretical framework. Cultural geographers in China have not paid much attention to the study of sound phenomenon, even on music geography. The system and framework of music geography still need consistent research by cultural geographers to reach its maturity. Apart from music geography, Western scholars have conducted research on sound systematically from the perspective of soundscape. Through introducing the concept of soundscape and methodology of soundscape study in the West, the emergence and development of soundscape research in China will benefit studies of cultural geography on sound phenomenon. (2) The review on the progress in soundscape research, that is, the temporal and spatial characteristics of soundscape, the relationship between soundscape and sense of space, the relationship between soundscape and well-being, the socio-cultural implications of soundscape, the application of soundscape in geography practice, and music geography, provides detailed information about how to use soundscape to study sound phenomenon, especially in the fields of recreation management and landscape planning. This will be instrumental to the study of soundscape by cultural geography in China.

Key words: cultural geography, sense of place, sensory geography, soundscape, well-being

中图分类号: 

  • K901.6