地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 1435-1443.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.11.001

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中国干旱区恢复生态学研究进展及趋势评述

李新荣1,2(), 赵洋1,2, 回嵘1,2, 苏洁琼1,2, 高艳红1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所沙坡头沙漠研究实验站,兰州 730000
    2. 甘肃省逆境生理生态研究重点实验室,兰州 730000
  • 出版日期:2014-11-25 发布日期:2014-11-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李新荣(1966-),男,甘肃武山人,研究员,博士生导师,主要主要从事干旱区恢复生态学和植被水分生态学研究, E-mail:lxinrong@lzb.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2013CB429900)

Progress and trend of development of restoration ecology research in the arid regions of China

Xinrong LI1,2(), Yang ZHAO1,2, Rong HUI1,2, Jieqiong SU1,2, Yanhong GAO1,2   

  1. 1. Shapotou Desert Research and Experiment Station, Cold and Arid Region Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Stress Physiology and Ecology in Cold and Arid Regions of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Online:2014-11-25 Published:2014-11-25

摘要:

本文评述了中国干旱区恢复生态学研究的历程和特点,系统分析了其研究前沿和未来发展趋势。国家重大需求推动了干旱区恢复生态学研究,植被建设是生态恢复的主要方法和手段;植被分布的地带性规律、土壤生境的恢复、生态水文互馈机理、植物水分关系、生物土壤结皮、基于模型的预测模拟是未来研究的重点;地学与生物学的学科交叉融合为干旱区恢复生态学理论创新和生态恢复实践提供了新的思路和途径。

关键词: 干旱荒漠地区, 内陆河生态恢复, 土壤生境恢复, 风沙危害, 人工植被重建与恢复, 生态水文过程

Abstract:

In this paper, the development process and characteristics of restoration ecology research in the arid regions of China were reviewed, and the research frontiers and development trends were analyzed systemically. The study on restoration ecology in arid regions has been promoted by national demands. Revegetation was the main method and approach for ecological recovery and restoration. Future study should focus on vegetation zonal distribution, soil habitat restoration, interaction of arid land ecology and hydrology, plant water relation, biological soil crust, projection based on models and modeling, and so on. The interaction and integration of geography and biology provide a new way of thinking and approach for both theoretical and practical innovations in the development of restoration ecology.

Key words: arid desert area, ecological restoration in inland river, soil habitat restoration, blown sand hazards, artificial vegetation reconstruction and restoration, ecohydrological process

中图分类号: 

  • X171