地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 773-785.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.06.006

• “第8届京区地理学研究生论坛”获奖论文专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

环渤海地区城市旅游业发展效率时空特征及其演化阶段——以三大城市群为例

李瑞1, 郭谦1, 贺跻2, 吴殿廷1, 殷红梅3, 叶倩1   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京 100875;
    2. 苏州大学东吴商学院, 江苏苏州 215000;
    3. 贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 贵阳 550001
  • 收稿日期:2014-01-01 修回日期:2014-04-01 出版日期:2014-06-25 发布日期:2014-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 吴殿廷(1958- ),男,辽宁大连人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事城市与区域发展研究,E-mail:wudianting@bnu.edu.cn。 E-mail:wudianting@bnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李瑞(1984- ),男,贵州贵阳人,博士生,主要研究方向城市群旅游和乡村社区旅游等,E-mail:liruigznu2008@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41140007,41261035)。

Spatial temporal characteristics of development efficiencies for urban tourism:a case study of three urban agglomerations in the Bohai Rim

LI Rui1, GUO Qian1, HE Ji2, WU Dianting1, YIN Hongmei3, YE Qian1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Dongwu Business School, Soochow University, Suzhou 215000, Jiangsu, China;
    3. School of Geography and Environment Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
  • Received:2014-01-01 Revised:2014-04-01 Online:2014-06-25 Published:2014-06-25

摘要: 以环渤海地区京津冀、山东半岛和辽东半岛三大城市群地级以上城市为单元,采用数据包络分析和全要素生产率指数模型测算和分析三大城市群城市旅游业发展效率及其时空特征分解效率差异及其影响因素的演化阶段。结果表明:①2000 年以来京津冀和山东半岛城市群城市旅游业平均投入资源利用综合水平呈无效向中等转变,而辽东半岛城市群始终处于无效状态,各城市群主要直辖市、省会城市和核心城市旅游业投入资源利用综合水平呈无效向中等转变;②2000 年以来京津冀和山东半岛城市群城市旅游业综合效率受纯技术效率的影响和制约程度略强于规模效率,而辽东半岛城市群则反之;③2000 年以来环渤海地区三大城市群城市旅游业平均全要素生产率变化呈依次下降态势,且大多数城市提高幅度大但趋于下降,京津冀和山东半岛城市群主要直辖市、省会城市和核心城市全要素生产率变化提高幅度明显高于辽东半岛城市群。④环渤海地区三大城市群城市旅游业发展效率分别受旅游投资、旅游技术和旅游市场因素、旅游产品和旅游技术因素、旅游资源、旅游政策和旅游项目(产品)因素的影响,各自处于技术创新阶段、技术学习阶段和规模主导阶段。

关键词: 城市旅游业, 城市群, 环渤海地区, 效率

Abstract: Taking prefecture-level cities, provincial cities and provincial capitals of three urban agglomerations in the Bohai Rim as analytical units, this paper measures and analyzes urban tourism development efficiency and spatial characteristics and development stages of these urban agglomerations by adopting the traditional DEA and Malmquist models. Major conclusions include: (1) The average comprehensive resource utilization efficiencies of urban tourism of municipalities, provincial capitals and main prefecture-level cities of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations have transformed from ineffective to moderately effective, and those of Eastern Liaoning Peninsula urban agglomerations have been always ineffective. The comprehensive resource utilization efficiencies of prefecture-level cities, provincial cities and provincial capitals of the three urban agglomerations have transformed from ineffective to moderately effective. (2) Since 2000, the comprehensive efficiencies of urban tourism of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations have been affected by pure technical efficiency slightly more than scale efficiency, while it is the opposite for Eastern Liaoning Peninsula urban agglomerations. (3) The Total Factor Productivity (TFP) of most cities in the three urban agglomerations has substantially increased since 2000; the TFP increasing rates of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations are both slightly higher than those of Eastern Liaoning Peninsula urban agglomerations; however, the overall rates of increase of TFP have declined. Meanwhile, the average TFP increasing rates of urban tourism of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula and Eastern Liaoning Peninsula urban agglomerations also have declined. (4) The development efficiencies of urban tourism of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomerations have been affected by urban tourism investment, urban tourism technology and urban tourism markets; those of Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations have been affected by urban tourism products and urban tourism technology; development efficiencies of urban tourism of Eastern Liaoning Peninsula urban agglomerations have been affected by urban tourism resources, urban tourism policies and urban tourism projects (products). The comprehensive efficiency of urban tourism of the three urban agglomerations has been in the technology innovation stage, the technology imitation stage and the scale dominance stage, respectively. These conclusions provide a theoretical basis for the scientific development of urban tourism of the three urban agglomerations in the Bohai Rim and other coastal urban agglomerations in China.

Key words: efficiency, the Bohai Rim, urban agglomerations, urban tourism

中图分类号: 

  • F590.3