地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 765-772.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.06.005

• “第8届京区地理学研究生论坛”获奖论文专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

轨道交通对沿线住宅价格影响的分市场研究——以深圳市龙岗线为例

王福良1, 冯长春1,2, 甘霖1   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院, 北京 100871;
    2. 国土资源部国土规划与开发重点实验室, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2013-04-01 修回日期:2014-06-01 出版日期:2014-06-25 发布日期:2014-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 冯长春(1957- ),山西安泽人,教授,主要从事城市与区域规划、土地利用与房地产经济研究教学与研究,E-mail:fcc@urban.pku.edu.cn。 E-mail:fcc@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王福良(1990- ),广东河源人,硕士研究生,研究方向为土地经济与房地产管理研究,E-mail:flwang001@gmail.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家“十二五”科技支撑计划重点项目(2012BAJ22B04)。

Impact of rail transit on the residential property prices of submarkets:a case of the Longgang Line of Shenzhen

WANG Fuliang1, FENG Changchun1,2, GAN Lin1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. The Key Laboratory of the Land Planning and Development, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2013-04-01 Revised:2014-06-01 Online:2014-06-25 Published:2014-06-25

摘要: 研究轨道交通对沿线住宅价格的影响有助于将轨道交通带来的外部效益转化为内部收益,对城市地铁的建设和运营具有重要意义。在真实城市空间中,由于空间异质性的存在,轨道交通对不同区域的影响并非都是相同的,因而需要划定分市场进行研究。本研究以深圳龙岗线郊区段为对象,首先运用Moran'I 指数证实了空间自相关效应的存在,并构造变量将空间自相关效应纳入模型进行控制,结合其他变量构建了4 个Hedonic 模型,然后通过Chow Statistics 检验划定远郊段和近郊段2 个分市场,最后运用最优的Hedonic 模型对轨道交通影响住宅价格的分市场进行研究并解释其形成原因。研究结果表明:① 轨道交通在近郊段对沿线住宅价格具有正向影响;② 轨道交通对沿线住宅价格影响存在分市场效应,不同分市场中轨道交通对沿线住宅价格的影响程度差异较大,龙岗线近郊段对沿线住宅价格具有正向影响,远郊段对沿线住宅价格具有负向影响;③ 可以通过Chow Statistics检验来划定分市场,龙岗线近郊段和远郊段的分界点为“六约—丹竹头”,近郊段分市场的空间范围可能与城市的平均通勤时间有关;④分市场的形成原因是空间异质性,龙岗线郊区段的分市场是由两个区域中心的空间分布差异所导致。

关键词: Hedonic模型, 分市场, 轨道交通, 龙岗线, 深圳, 住宅价格

Abstract: Studying the impact of rail transit on residential property prices along rail lines will facilitate the internalization of external benefits of rail traffic. It has significant importance for the construction and operation of city subways. In real urban space, because of the presence of spatial heterogeneity the impact of rail transport is not always the same in different areas, thus it requires the examination of submarkets. This research takes the suburb segment of the Longgang Line in Shenzhen as a case. Firstly, Moran'I index is used to confirm the effect of spatial autocorrelation. Then a variable representing spatial autocorrelation are constructed to be included in the model. In total four models are constructed. Chow Statistics is then adopted to divide the submarkets into suburbs near central city and suburbs at the city periphery. After that, the Hedonic pricing model is selected to study the submarket impact of the rail transit on housing prices along the rail line. The results show that: (1) rail transit has a positive impact on housing prices along the rail line in the close to central city segment. (2) Concerning the impact of rail transit on housing prices, submarket effect does exist. In different submarkets, the impacts of rail transit on housing prices vary, sometimes are even in opposite directions. In the close to urban center segment, rail transit has a positive impact on housing prices. In the remote suburban segment, rail transit has a negative impact on housing prices. (3) Submarkets can be divided by Chow Statistics test. The dividing point of the Longgang Line is Liuyue-Danzhutou. The spatial extent of the close to center suburban submarket may be related to the city's average commuting time. (4) The cause of submarket division is spatial heterogeneity. The submarkets of the Longgang Line suburban segment is determined by the spatial differences between the two regional centers.

Key words: hedonic pricing model, housing price, Longgang Line, rail transit, Shenzhen, submarket

中图分类号: 

  • F293.35