地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 432-440.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.03.014

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    

北京市住宿业空间结构时空演化及影响因素

闫丽英, 李伟, 杨成凤, 宋金平   

  1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2013-08-01 修回日期:2013-12-01 发布日期:2014-03-24
  • 作者简介:闫丽英(1986-),女,甘肃兰州人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为城市地理与旅游地理,E-mail: yanliying96@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国土资源部公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201211001)。

Temporal and spatial evolution of lodging industry in Beijing and its influencing factors

YAN Liying, LI Wei, YANG Chengfeng, SONG Jinping   

  1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2013-08-01 Revised:2013-12-01 Published:2014-03-24
  • Contact: 宋金平(1968-),男,山东平邑人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事经济地理研究,Email: jinpingsong@163.com。 E-mail:jinpingsong@163.com

摘要: 将1997-2012 年划分为4 个时段,采用ArcGIS 与次序多元Logit 模型分析北京市住宿业空间结构时空演化特征与影响因素,探讨住宿业空间结构与城市空间结构的协同演化关系,反映城市空间结构重组特征。结果表明:① 北京住宿业时空演化的向心集聚与离心扩散趋势并存,属于相对扩散;扩张表现出集聚特征与方向上的差异性;同心圆式、局部扇面式、廊道式、飞地式、填充式等扩张形式并存;② 可达性、基本地价、空间集聚是住宿业时空演化的主要影响因素;③ 城市化进程影响住宿业的区位转移,住宿业是城市空间结构的塑造力量之一;④ 塑造城市结构的离心扩散作用增强,城市空间的异质性与复杂性增强。

关键词: 北京, 时空演化, 影响因素, 住宿业

Abstract: Distribution of lodging industry is sensitive to urban environmental change. However, in the study of urban space reconfiguration, lodging industry as advanced services is usually neglected when compared to the study of population, housing, industrial, and commercial sectors and offices. The rapid development of the tourism industry has promoted high growth of the lodging industry in Beijing. The sudden rise of economy hotel brought about internal structural transformation of lodging industry. The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games had an important impact on the lodging industry as well. Thus, the aim of this paper is to study the temporal and spatial evolution of the lodging industry and influencing factors from 1997 to 2012 in Beijing, discuss the evolution pattern of lodging industry, analyze the coevolution relationship between this industry and the urban spatial structure, and reflect on the restructuring characteristics of the urban space. ArcGIS Spatial Analyst technique is used to research the temporal and spatial evolution of lodging industry, in which kernel density analysis is chosen to identify the clusters of hotels. Under the assumption that the central area of Beijing is mono-centrically distributed in structure, an ordered multivariate Logit model is applied to reveal the correlation between hotel locations and their influencing factors, in order to support the conclusion of theoretical analysis. The study shows that: (1) The centralization and centrifugal diffusion trends in lodging industry both exist, and the pattern is relative diffusion. The expansion is characterized by agglomeration and varied growth in different directions. There are five types of spatial expansions: concentric circle expansion, localized fan-shaped expansion, corridor type expansion, enclave expansion and filling expansion. (2) Accessibility is extremely essential to hotel location in any period. Land price increase in central city and promotion of traffic technology prompt lodging industry to spread to the outskirts of the city. Agglomeration changes in accordance with centripetal and centrifugal trends. (3) Sitting of lodging industry had different preferences at different periods. Urbanization process influences the location and relocation of the lodging industry and the lodging industry has shaped the urban landscape and urban spatial structure. (4) The suburbanization in Beijing is speeding up, that centrifugal effect that shapes the urban structure is enhanced, heterogeneity and complexity of urban space is increased, but centrality is still strong. The Beijing Olympic Games stimulated the growth of hotels and the development of urban functional areas. Under the background of market saturation in the central city, the lodging industry should seize the opportunity of urban space reconfiguration and suburbanization, seek to develop space in the center of urban periphery, functional area or transition region and to undertake spillovers, avoid the land price uplifting and agglomeration diseconomies in the city center. Meantime, the government should guide the rational distribution of lodging industry, opening up new space for development, thus contributing to improve residential services and rapid rise of new urban districts.

Key words: Beijing, influencing factors, lodging industry, temporal and spatial evolution

中图分类号: 

  • K902