地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 336-346.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.03.005

• 水文与生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

1992-2012年国际生态足迹研究文献计量分析

周晓艳1, 张文妍1, 叶信岳2, 甘甜1, 韩项1   

  1. 1. 武汉大学资源与环境科学学院, 武汉430079;
    2. 美国肯特州立大学地理系, 肯特44240
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-01 修回日期:2013-12-01 发布日期:2014-03-24
  • 作者简介:周晓艳(1974-),女,湖北荆门人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为生态经济与区域规划、经济空间统计与计量,E-mail: zhouxiaoyan@whu.edu.cn。
  • 基金资助:
    国家基础科学人才培养基金科研能力训练项目(J1103409);国家自然科学基金项目(41329001)。

Bibliometric analysis of ecological footprint research during 1992-2012

ZHOU Xiaoyan1, ZHANG Wenyan1, YE Xinyue2, GAN Tian1, HAN Xiang1   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environment, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    2. Department of Geography, Kent State University, Kent 44240, OH, USA
  • Received:2013-07-01 Revised:2013-12-01 Published:2014-03-24
  • Contact: 张文妍(1990-),女,新疆阿勒泰人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为生态经济与区域规划、经济空间统计与计量,E-mail: zhangwenyan_1990@126.com。 E-mail:zhangwenyan_1990@126.com

摘要: 生态足迹是可持续发展领域进行定量研究的重要方法。由于较强的可操作性和全球可比性等优点,自1992 年首次提出以来,得到相关研究机构和学者的广泛关注。以SCIE/SSCI 数据库为基础,对近20 年来有关生态足迹的文献进行计量分析,阐释该领域的研究概况,揭示主要研究力量,呈现不同作者、机构和国家之间的合作情况,分析主要国家的研究差异并探讨该领域未来研究趋势和热点。研究发现:① 加拿大生态经济学者Wackernagel是该领域重要的学者,不列颠哥伦比亚大学和悉尼大学是在该领域有突出贡献的研究机构,中国科学院和北京师范大学是在该领域有较大影响的中国研究机构;② 美国是在该领域研究成果数量与质量均居首位的国家,中国虽然文献数量排第三位,但文献质量有待提高;③ 该领域文献总量不多,但增长迅速,且国际合作呈显著扩大趋势;研究尺度日趋多元化且不断深入微观领域;研究方法日趋丰富与完善,与投入产出分析法、产品生命周期及能值分析等方法相结合是近期主要研究趋势,但不同国家的研究重点亦有所差异;④ 气候变化、碳足迹、生态足迹区域转移等将有可能成为生态足迹领域未来的研究热点。

关键词: SCIE/SSCI, 发展趋势, 生态足迹, 文献计量

Abstract: The term "Ecological Footprint" is used to quantify the pattern of sustainable development in many recent studies. Since this term was coined in 1992, it has gained a growing popularity among scholars and decision makers all over the world because of its operability and comparability across various places. Based on the SCIE (Science Citation Index Expanded) and SSCI(Social Science Citation Index) databases, a bibliometric analysis is conducted on ecological footprint research during 1992-2012. The objective of this study is to identify the status and research direction of this theme. The collaboration relationship on this theme is detected among authors, research institutions, and countries. In addition, differences in research between China, USA and UK is identified. Future trend and hot topics are discussed as well. This study should serve as a useful guidance for beginners to grasp the big picture of this growing literature list while experienced researchers can gain a comprehensive and in-depth overview of this hot topic to better refine research directions and detect the gaps to fill. Bibliometrics is employed in this paper to analyze the publication pattern of ecological footprint research. As a research method used in library and information sciences, bibliometrics has been widely applied to analyze the pattern of literature and trend of a given topic or subject. It can be used for in-depth reviews of research themes for better guidance for follow-up studies. Based on 869 publications indexed in the SCIE/SSCI databases during 1992-2012, the bibliometrics depicts the progress of ecological footprint research through the revisit of many studies in this field. Build upon many review papers on ecological footprint, this bibliometrics-based paper presents a more comprehensive summary of the term definition, computational models, and case studies. The results reveal that the most productive and influential scholar in ecological footprint research is Wackernagel M, a Canadian ecological economist. University of British Columbia and University of Sydney are two major research institutions. Chinese Academy of Sciences and Beijing Normal University are two most influential institutions in this research area in China. USA ranks as the top country in the publications of this topic both qualitatively and quantitatively. China's publications of ecological footprint research follow USA and UK, but the quality should be improved in the future. Despite a relatively smaller size of publications than many other themes, ecological footprint research has witnessed a growing trend by paper number and collaboration across countries. Research has been conducted at multiple scales over the years, with growing interest in analyzing finer-scale patterns and trend. The list of research methods has become richer and more diverse. The methods such as input-output analysis, life cycle assessment and energy analysis are among the most popular approaches in recent literatures, though different countries vary in research focus. Climate change, carbon footprint and the transfer of ecological footprint appear to be the emerging hot topics.

Key words: bibliometric analysis, ecological footprint, future trend, SCIE/SSCI databases

中图分类号: 

  • Q149